Three billion people live in rural areas in developing countries. Conditions for them are worse than for their urban counterparts when measured by almost any development indicator, from extreme poverty, to child mortality and access to electricity and sanitation. And the gulf is widening, contributing to large-scale migration to urban areas. This situation exists despite half a century of rural development theories and approaches, and despite the global momentum built around the Millennium Development Goals between 2000 and 2015. Without greater progress on rural development, it is unlikely that the new Sustainable Development Goals will be met. This book calls for a new paradigm for rural development that is equipped to meet the challenges and harness the opportunities of the 21st century – including climate change, demographic shifts, international competition and fast-moving technological change.
While world leaders adopted the 2030 Agenda for SDGs at the United Nations in 2015, 2016 marks the start of implementation. Some 800 weeks are left to lift 800 million people out of poverty. Achieving this and the ambitious SDGs by 2030 will require bold leadership and effective governments together with new ideas and tools to advance simultaneously on the social, economic and environmental fronts.
We face the challenge of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in a world faced with multiple and diverse forms of crisis. What do the SDGs mean for countries where families have to flee their homes to escape conflict, where rising sea levels threaten lives, livelihoods and infrastructure, and where economies are devastated by the impact of epidemics or terrorism?
More than three decades of high economic growth have allowed China to reach the upper-middle income country category but the recent slowdown makes the so-called middle-income trap a potential challenging scenario for the country, says the Development Centre at the 2016 China Development Forum
The middle-income trap is a much discussed issue and has been prominently analysed inter alia by the DRC and the World Bank in their China 2030 report. Building on existing discussions, the session will feature the results of the Latin American Economic Outlook 2016, which explores the evolving partnership between China and Latin America face to the middle-income trap and a challenging global economic landscape.
The Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean publication is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, the OECD Development Centre, the Inter American Center of Tax Administrations (CIAT), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Inter-American Development bank (IDB). It compiles comparable tax revenue statistics for a number of Latin American and Caribbean economies, the majority of which are not OECD member countries. The model is the OECD Revenue Statistics database which is a fundamental reference, backed by a well-established methodology, for OECD member countries. Extending the OECD methodology to Latin American and Caribbean countries enables comparisons about tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among themselves and between OECD and OECD economies.
Despite a continuing slowdown in economic growth, tax revenues in Latin American and Caribbean countries rose slightly in 2014, as a proportion of national incomes, according to new data from the annual Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean publication.
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The first edition of the EMnet Asia Policy Note (2015) provides insights and suggested policy recommendations from the business sector on innovation challenges in Asia. The Note gives an overview of the innovation landscape in Asia, offers business insights on innovation-related challenges and assesses policy makers’ efforts to support private sector-led innovation for development.
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The first edition of the EMnet “Greening of the Economy” Working Group Policy Note (2015) provides insights and policy recommendations from the private sector on renewable energy and energy efficiency investment in emerging markets. The analysis is partly based on discussions at the EMnet Working Group meeting held on 5 October 2015 at the OECD headquarters in Paris.
This series helps countries to identify and overcome binding constraints to achieving higher levels of well-being and more equitable and sustainable growth. The Development Pathways are based on Multi-dimensional Country Reviews, which take into account policy interactions and the country-specific policy environment through three phases. The first phase comprises an initial assessment of the constraints to development. The second phase involves an in-depth analysis of the main issues resulting in detailed policy recommendations. The third phase is designed to move from paper to action and to support government efforts in developing strategies and implementing policy recommendations.