Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Georgia is the result of a project carried out by the European Union and the OECD Development Centre, in collaboration with the State Commission on Migration Issues (SCMI) and the Caucasus Research Resource Center (CRRC-Georgia). The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – the labour market, agriculture, education and investment and financial services – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses three dimensions of the migration cycle that have changed remarkably in Georgia over the last 20 years: emigration, remittances and return.
The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of Georgia, but the potential of migration is not fully exploited. One explanation is that, despite headway in the field of migration and development through the creation of the SCMI, many policy makers in Georgia do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. Georgia therefore needs to adopt a more coherent policy agenda and better integrate migration into its sectoral strategies in order to enhance the contribution of migration to development in the country.
Kazakhstan has embarked upon an ambitious reform agenda to realise its aspiration of becoming one of the top 30 global economies by 2050. The country’s economy and society have undergone deep transformations since independence. To sustain economic progress, overcome recent difficulties, and drive improvements in well-being to realise its aspirations, Kazakhstan will need to address a number of challenges to ensure its economy becomes more productive and diverse, and is sufficiently flexible and resilient in the face of an ever-shifting external environment. This next stage of economic transformation will require continuing reforms. This report discusses policy actions to address four key obstacles to development in Kazakhstan, identified in Volume 1 of this review. It presents in-depth analysis and recommendations to improve the economy’s resilience through diversification, to mobilise financing for development, to transform the role of the state in the economy, including through privatisation, and to improve the effectiveness of environmental regulations.
Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development is the result of a project carried out by the European Union and the OECD Development Centre in ten partner countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services, and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses four dimensions of the migration cycle: emigration, remittances, return and immigration.
The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of countries of origin and destination. However, the potential of migration is not yet fully exploited by the ten partner countries. One explanation is that policy makers do not sufficiently take migration into account in their respective policy areas. To enhance the contribution of migration to development, home and host countries therefore need to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to better integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation.
The OECD Development Centre launched its report on Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development (IPPMD) on the sidelines of the 15th Coordination Meeting on International Migration at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City on Friday 17 February.
Here is the story of Daniel Cojocari, 23, from a village 40km from Chisinau, Moldova : "My name is Daniel. My mother is a housewife and lives in a village near Chisinau. My father works in the construction industry in France, and I have one brother. I am an undergraduate student in information technology and kinetics and I also have a job."
Here is the story of Gnassounou Mokpokpo Espé : "I was born in Lomé and I always lived here. My mother is a tailor and my father is a translator and a pastor. I have a degree in media studies and also started an undergraduate programme in sociology which I never finished."
Here is the story of Thi Diem Hang Tran, 19, from Can Tho City, Viet Nam : "I was born in the city of Bonr, in Dong Thap Province, but I have been living in Can Tho city for two years now with my older brother. My parents still live in Dong Thap where they are rice farmers and cultivate Longan fruits. I don't think getting married before 20 is a good thing. As for me, I would prefer to get married around 25-27."
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The OECD Development Centre and the European Commission are pleased to invite you to the side event: Making the most of migration in developing countries: What role for public policies?
DevTalks - Last year saw international consensus on 17 ambitious global goals to end poverty, tackle the consequences of climate change and make the world more inclusive and prosperous. Realising such goals demands investing a staggering USD 5 to 7 trillion each year. It also requires governments, the corporate community and civil society to collectively find smart solutions that challenge traditional approaches to development.
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The work of the Development Centre explores the social and economic impacts of migration on migrants as well as on countries of origin and destination. With 244 million individuals living outside their country of birth, international migrants represent 3% of the world’s population. Emigrants contribute to the development of their home countries by sending remittances, investing, and transferring knowledge and ideas.