The SIGI introduces 12 innovative indicators on social institutions, which are grouped into 5 categories: Family Code, Physical Integrity, Son Preference, Civil Liberties and Ownership Rights. Each of the SIGI indicators is coded between 0, meaning no or very low inequality, and 1, indicating very high inequality. Watch the Slidecast for an overview of the SIGI.
The SIGI shows that many of the world’s worst performers are situated in the belt that stretches from Mali to Pakistan. In most parts of sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East and North Africa region, women face high discrimination in social institutions. In last place of the SIGI ranking we find Sudan, Afghanistan and Sierra Leone.
Relatively low inequality can be observed in Latin America and Europe and Central Asia – the top countries here are Paraguay, Croatia and Kazakhstan. Both high and low performers can be found in the East Asia and Pacific region.
SIGI Top 5
1 - Paraguay 2 - Croatia 3 - Kazakhstan 4 - Argentina 5 - Costa Rica
SIGI Bottom 5
98 - Yemen 99- Mali 100 - Sierra Leone 101 - Afghanistan 102 - Sudan
For an overview of SIGI results and findings, please see the here.
Construction of the SIGI
The Social Institutions and Gender Index has been constructed by the OECD Development Centre, in collaboration with a research team from Göttingen University under the leadership of Prof. Stephan Klasen. Valuable input and validation of our findings were equally provided by Geske Dijkstra and her team at Erasmus University Rotterdam. The index is based on 124 detailed country notes which fed into the construction of the OECD Gender, Institutions and Development Database. Click here to find out more on the scoring of social institution variables.
Listen to an interview with Prof. Stephan Klasen, explaining the construction and some results of the Social Institutions and Gender Index.
The Social Institutions and Gender Index is a valuable new measure of gender equality for researchers and policy makers. Its simple construction also make it an interesting tool for the general public interested in women's social and economic development. Here are some ways in which the SIGI can be of use to you:
The score and country ranking provide a quick overview of gender discrimination in social institutions, and allow to compare countries among each other
The SIGI Subindices help to locate areas of particular concern; for example, a country might have particular problems with the level of violence directed towards women
The individual indicators of social institutions offer new empirical evidence on gender discrimination, and help to understand existing gender gaps in health, education and economic participation
The GID country notes, which form the basis for each country’s score and ranking, provide in-depth information on the situation of women and men in regards to social institutions.
All GID Statistics, including the SIGI composite measure, can be accessed free of charge from the OECD website: www.oecd.org/dev/gender
Accessing the Data
In order to access the data and in-depth information about the Social Institutions and Gender Index, please visit our new website: http://genderindex.org. Apart from the 2009 SIGI score and ranking, you will have access to all 124 detailed country notes and further analysis using the SIGI. See you on http://genderindex.org.
To contact us and find out more on the Social Institutions and Gender Index, please send an email to Estelle.Loiseau@oecd.org.