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Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: Measuring OECD Responses

This publication identifies the main areas of weakness and potential areas for action to combat money-laundering, tax evasion, foreign bribery, and to identify, freeze and return stolen assets. It also looks at the role of development agencies and finds that the potential returns to developing countries from using ODA on issues like combating tax evasion or asset recovery are significant.  Finally, it identifies some opportunities for a scaled-up role for development agencies.

 

   

OECD Foreign Bribery Report - An Analysis of the Crime of Bribery of Foreign Public Officials

This report endeavours to measure, and to describe, transnational corruption based on data from the 427 foreign bribery cases that have been concluded since the entry into force of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in 1999.

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Export Restrictions in Raw Materials Trade: Facts, Fallacies and Better Practices

This volume brings together different strands of analysis carried out by OECD since 2009 on the use of export restrictions in the trade of raw materials. The aim is to contribute to an informed policy dialogue among countries that irrespective of whether they apply export restrictions or not, all rely on a well-functioning global market for at least some of the raw materials needs of their industries.

   

OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas

Trade and investment in natural mineral resources hold great potential for generating income, growth and prosperity, sustaining livelihoods and fostering local development. However, a large share of these resources is located in conflict-affected and high-risk areas. In these areas, exploitation of natural mineral resources is significant and may contribute, directly or indirectly, to armed conflict, gross human rights violations and hinder economic and social development.

 

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Reports

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Non-OECD

  • Africa Progress Panel (2013), Equity in Extractives - Stewarding Africa's natural resources for all, Africa Progress Report 2013, Geneva
  • AUC/ECA (2015), Illicit Financial Flow - Report of the High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa, commissioned by the AU/ECA Conference of Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development
  • EITI reports available at https://eiti.org/countries
  • Financial Action Task Force (2012), Specific Risk Factors in Laundering the Proceeds of Corruption - Assistance to Reporting Institutions, FATF-OECD, Paris, June 2012
  • Financial Action Task Force (2012), International Standards on Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism & Proliferation – The FATF Recommendations, FATF-OECD, Paris, February 2012
  • IADB (2014), Transparent Governance in an Age of Abundance, Experiences from the Extractive Industries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Washington, D.C.
  • NRGI (2014), Natural Resource Charter, Second Edition
  • UNDP (2015), A Practitioner's Guide for Corruption Risk Mitigation in Extractive Industries, March 2015
  • World Bank (2011), The Puppet Masters – How the Corrupt Use Legal Structures to Hide Stolen Assets and What to Do About It, Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative, The World Bank and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Washington DC
  • World Bank (2007), The Many Faces of Corruption - Tracking Vulnerabilities at the Sector Level, edited by J. E. Campos and S. Pradhan, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, Washington DC

 

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