Migration and development

Perspectives on Global Development 2017: First Expert meeting on international migration and development

 

 

24-25 February 2015

OECD Headquarters, Paris

  

 

Since its initiation in 2010, the OECD Development Centre’s Perspectives on Global Development series has investigated the increasing economic weight of developing countries in the world economy, a phenomenon we refer to as “shifting wealth”. Each edition has examined the effect of this trend on development, focusing on different policy concerns, from social cohesion (2012) and industrial policy (2013) to the middle-income trap (2014). The next edition of Perspectives on Global Development will focus on the issue of international migration and development in the context of shifting wealth.

New centres of economic growth have the potential to significantly affect patterns of international migration. This new global economic geography will have an inevitable impact on other drivers of migration, including demographic trends, public policies, technology, environment and climate change, and patterns of conflict and political instability. In turn, these changing patterns of mobility – in addition to having significant economic, social and environmental implications – will introduce new challenges and opportunities for economies and people’s livelihoods.

As well as examining recent trends in migration, the 2017 edition of Perspectives on Global Development will take a forward-looking perspective to explore alternative future scenarios for migration and their implications for development. In particular, the report will seek to include the perspectives of developing countries that experience significant immigration.

The meeting gathered experts from academic institutions and different international, multilateral and civil society organisations from around the world to discuss the conceptual framework of the report. 

Download the agenda

 

Programme 


Welcome Session

 

Speakers:

  • H.E. Ambassador Hans-Jürgen Heimsoeth, Permanent Representative of Germany to the OECD and Chair of the Development Centre Governing Board
  • Mario Pezzini, Director, OECD Development Centre

 

Session 1: Setting the scene - Shifting wealth

Carl Dahlman, Head of Global Development at the OECD Development Centre, presented the concept note, focusing on the issue of shifting wealth in the context of international migration. Participants were encouraged to discuss the approach to the topic proposed and identify where the Perspectives on Global Development (PGD) could add value to the academic and policy debate.

 

Moderator: Michelle Leighton, Chief, Labour Migration Branch, International Labour Organization (ILO)

Speakers:

  • Carl Dahlman, Head of Global Development, OECD Development Centre
  • Yoshifumi Fukunaga, Senior Policy Coordinator, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA)
  • Hui Xu, Beijing Normal University

 

Opening session of PGD expert meeting
During the opening session of the meeting, panellists discussed how the phenomenon of shifting wealth could impact on future migration trends. 

 

Session 2: Parallel break-out groups 

These two parallel sessions started with two or three short interventions followed by detailed discussions in the group led by the moderator, to cover: (i) what are the expected trends for the factor under discussion? (ii) how may these trends affect migration and development? (iii) what policy issues may this raise? (iv) what can the PGD do to provide insights into this issue? (v) what would be an appropriate methodology to use? 

 

Break-out group 1: Technology

How might advances in technology impact international migration?

 

Moderator: Andrew Wyckoff, Director, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI), OECD

Speakers:

  • Devesh Kapur, Assistant Professor in the Department of Government at Harvard University; Associate Professor, Director of the Center for the Advanced Study of India, Political Science Department, University of Pennsylvania (by video link)
  • Lant Pritchett, Professor of the Practice of International Development, Co-Chair MPA/ID Program, Harvard Kennedy School

 

Break-out group 2: Environment and climate change

Environmental conditions are projected to drastically change in many regions of the world. How will these changes affect future migration flows?

 

Moderator: Simon Buckle, Head of the Climate, Biodiversity and Water Division, Environment Directorate, OECD

Speakers:

  • Richard Black, Pro-Director (Research & Enterprise), School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS)
  • François Gemenne , Executive Director, Politics of the Earth, Sciences Po – Medialab and FNRS Senior Research Associate, ULg - CEDEM
  • Dina Ionesco, Focal Point, Migration, Environment and Climate Change (MECC), International Organization for Migration (IOM)

 

Debate: The feasibility and potential impacts of free human mobility

 

Chaired by: H.E. Ambassador Mithat Rende, Permanent Representative of Turkey to the OECD

Speaker: Lant Pritchett, Professor of the Practice of International Development, Co-Chair MPA/ID Program, Harvard Kennedy School

Discussant: Marco Salvi, Project Manager, Avenir Suisse

 

Followed by Q&A

 

Lant Pritchett debate on free mobility
At the end of Day 1 of the meeting, Lant Pritchett (far left) from the Harvard Kennedy School and Marco Salvi (far right) from Avenir Suisse debated the potential benefits and feasibility of free human mobility. 

 

Session 3: Parallel break-out groups

These two parallel sessions started with two or three short interventions followed by detailed discussions in the group led by the moderator, to cover: (i) what are the expected trends for the factor under discussion? (ii) how may these trends affect migration and development? (iii) what policy issues may this raise? (iv) what can the PGD do to provide insights into this issue? (v) what would be an appropriate methodology to use? 

 

Break-out group 3: Demography

In the coming decades, the world will undergo significant demographic restructuring and shifts. What impact will this have on international migration?

 

Moderator: David Khoudour, Head, Migration and Skills Unit, OECD Development Centre

Speakers:

  • Sarah Gammage, Policy Advisor, Economic Institutions, OIC, UN Women
  • Bela Hovy, Chief of Migration Section, Population Division, UNDESA; Chair, KNOMAD Thematic Working Group on Data on Migration and Remittance Flows
  • Rainer Münz, Senior Fellow, Hamburg Institute of International Economics; Head of Research, Erste Bank Vienna; Chair, KNOMAD Thematic Working Group on Demographic Changes and Migration

 

Break-out group 4: Political instability and conflict

Political instability and conflict can trigger significant migration flows. How are trends in refugee flows likely to evolve in the future?

 

Moderator: Alan Whaites, Development Co-operation Directorates (DCD), OECD

Speakers:

  • Christina Jespersen, Strategic Planner, Solutions Steering Group, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • Erik Melander, Professor, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University
  • Ceri Oeppen, PRIO Global Fellow/Lecturer in Human Geography, University of Sussex

  

Session 4: Public policies 

Public policies play a key role in shaping migration flows. What are the main factors leading to shifts in migration policies and how might public policies evolve?

 

Moderator: Nicola Harrington, Deputy Director, OECD Development Centre

Speakers:

Presentation from Anna Maria Mayda at PGD expert meeting
During Session 4, Anna Maria Mayda (centre) from Georgetown University gave a presentation about the impact of policies and political economy factors on migration flows. 

 

Session 5: Migration scenarios 

During this session, Deirdre Culley from the OECD Development Centre explained the concept of foresight techniques and worked with participants to develop alternative future migration scenarios. 

 

Moderators: 

  • Martin Mayer, Consultant to the OECD on Strategic Foresight
  • Deirdre Culley, Policy Analyst, OECD Development Centre
  • Raphael Beziz, Co-founder of UMeO

 

Scenarios session on future of migration - PGD expert meeting
During Session 5, participants broke out into smaller groups to develop and consider the implications of diverse scenarios on the future of international migration. 

 

Summing up

Carl Dahlman, Head of Global Development, OECD Development Centre

 

Closing remarks

Juan Yermo, Deputy Chief of Staff, Office of the Secretary-General