Today, almost half of all international migrants are women. Our work seeks to gain a deeper understanding of the relationship between migration and gender and the associated policy implications. We explore in particular the determinants of female migration, the impact of migration on women’s empowerment and their human rights, as well as gender-specific experiences of migration, from pre-departure to migrants’ socio-economic integration in countries of destination.
The migration of highly skilled women is a phenomenon of growing significance for many countries. Between 2000 and 2011, the number of tertiary-educated migrant women in OECD countries rose by 80 per cent. Despite the rise in the number of highly skilled migrant women, policymakers and scholars still lack a solid understanding of this migrant group. To encourage discussion about how to tackle these challenges, IOM and the OECD Development Centre held a two-day expert meeting in Geneva on April 3rd and 4th, 2014. This summary report of the meeting, which includes written contributions from expert participants, aims to promote greater dialogue and raise awareness among key researchers. While the report is not exhaustive, it serves as a useful point of departure for identifying and addressing research gaps related to the challenges and opportunities arising from the migration of highly skilled women.
by Gaëlle Ferrant, Michele Tuccio, Estelle Loiseau and Keiko Nowacka
Findings from the OECD Development Centre’s Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) suggest that discriminatory social norms and institutions play a role in shaping female South-South migration decisions and destinations.