Migration and development

Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development: Case Studies and Policy Recommendations (IPPMD)

 

OECD Development Centre

European Union
This project is co-funded
 
by the European Union

About

 

Methodology

 

Partner countries

 

Events

 

Timeline

 

Contact us

 

 

In January 2013, the OECD launched the project “Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development: Case Studies and Policy Recommendations”, which aims to enhance partner countries’ capacity to incorporate migration into the design and implementation of their development strategies. The project seeks to better understand how international migration affects non-migration related public policies, and conversely, how these affect migration. The project is co-funded by the EU Thematic Programme on Migration and Asylum and managed by the OECD Development Centre. It is carried out in ten partner countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines. 

 

 

Map for the project "Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development" (IPPMD)

 

About

 

Objectives

 

 Specifically, the project aims to:

• Develop evidence-based analysis on:

- The significance of migration in low- and middle-income countries’ development strategies.

- The impact of both migration and non-migration related public policies on migration patterns and the situation of migrants.

- The effect of migration-related decisions on other policy domains and ultimately on the socio-economic development of origin and destination partner countries.

• Increase awareness among partner countries’ relevant interlocutors and provide them with policy recommendations on:

- How to incorporate the migration dimension into the design and implementation of their development strategies and other sectoral policy areas.

- How to ensure coherence between migration and other policy areas.

• Provide relevant stakeholders, both in the EU and partner countries, with guidance for policy dialogue.

 

Added value

 

• While most studies focus on the role of migration as a driver of development, this project shifts the scope towards policy coherence by analysing the impact of migration on sectoral development policies, as well as the results of these policies on migration.

• It analyses both South-North and South-South migration and considers developing countries not only as countries of destination, but also of origin.

• It goes beyond the identification of good practices, by providing empirical evidence based on quantitative and qualitative fieldwork at the country level and a comparative analysis of the partner countries.

• It involves robust co-operation both with relevant public authorities and local partners, principally research centres, and seeks to strengthen their capacities.

 

Rationale

 

Migration has increasing weight in the economies of developing countries and impacts significantly on their development both in economic and social terms. This is either because governments have strategically based their economic development model on immigration or emigration, or because countries face migration flows that are essential for their economies yet do not have structured policies in place. Many of these countries also lack awareness about the synergies and interdependencies between migration and other public policies, and consequently neglect to consider migration trends when designing their development policies in sectors such as trade, agricultural and labour.

 

Not taking into account migration in the design of sectoral policies can generate problems at both the household and country levels. In the case of economic or political shock, changes in migration flows are difficult to cope with and may not only destabilise the economy, but may also weaken social cohesion. Furthermore, the sizeable informal sector in many low- and middle-income countries is frequently a magnet for the employment of undocumented workers, who often face problems related to exploitation, trafficking, smuggling and social dumping. The migration-development nexus – in particular, the need to design policy strategies that enhance migration’s positive effects on development – has received growing attention in recent years. By contrast, little attention has thus far been paid (in terms of evidence, policy dialogue and development co-operation) to the links between migration and other policy areas, particularly to the role that specific economic and social public policies can play in migration patterns and vice versa.

 

Whether directly or indirectly, migration influences numerous sectors in developing countries, from employment and social protection to agriculture, industry, trade and justice. In turn, many sectoral policies also have an impact on migration flows and on migrants and their communities, in both countries of origin and destination. Recognising this relationship, this project aims to uncover the interconnections between policy areas and identify the most suitable strategies – according to the country context – for fostering coherence between migration and sectoral policies. 

 

Methodology

 

The project aims to provide empirical evidence on the interrelations between migration and public policy based on quantitative and qualitative fieldwork at the country level. The methodological framework of the project has been developed by the OECD Development Centre and is implemented in each of the ten partner countries by local research partners, who are collecting new and unique data through the use of three tools:

IPPMD methodology

 The data will allow for analysis at the country level as well as analysis across countries. The household survey covers around 2 000 households in each of the countries and is distributed to both migrant- and non-migrant households. The survey includes a number of core modules related to education, employment, household expenditures, business activities and agriculture. It also includes specific migration modules related to immigration, emigration, remittances and return migration, as well as specific questions on policy programmes in each country.

 

Burkina Faso IPPMD fieldwork
Pilot surveys, Burkina Faso

 

 

Costa Rica IPPMD fieldwork
Pilot survey, Costa Rica

 

Dominican Republic fieldwork IPPMD
Pilot surveys, Dominican Republic

 

The household survey is complemented by a community survey that is administered to local leaders and aims to gather information on the general characteristics of communities and the policies and development programmes affecting them. 

 

Dominican Republic fieldwork training IPPMD
Enumerators training, Dominican Republic

 

Cambodia fieldwork IPPMD
Pilot survey, Cambodia

Furthermore, with the goal of gaining a more in-depth understanding of the dynamics that govern migration and policy making, local partners in each country also conduct 40 to 50 qualitative interviews with stakeholders from ministries, the private sector, civil society, academia and international organisations. 

 

Partner countries

 

The project will be carried out in the ten following countries: Armenia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Morocco and the Philippines.

 

In each country, local research partners will be in charge of (i) elaborating the state of the art at the country level; (ii) helping in the organisation of annual country-specific meetings; (iii) conducting the fieldwork; and (iv) drafting country studies. These partners will also be involved in the policy dialogue and capacity building components of the project. Their knowledge of the specific challenges faced by their countries – as well as their geographical, cultural and linguistic proximity to communities – will represent a significant factor in the project’s success.

 

Furthermore, at all stages of the project, government focal points will be consulted and involved in both national and global meetings. The active involvement of government partners throughout the entire implementation process will help build their capacities, an important horizontal component of the project’s objectives. Co-operation with the authorities in each country will be coupled with consultations with representations of civil society organisations (CSOs) and international organisations such as the International Labour Organization, the International Organization for Migration and the United Nations Development Programme.

 

Government focal points and local research partners in each country include:

 

Armenia

Government Focal Point: State Migration Service

Local research partner: CRRC - Armenia

 

Burkina Faso

Government focal point: Secrétariat Permanent du Conseil Supérieur des Burkinabè de l'Étranger

Local research partner: Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population 

 

Cambodia

Government focal point: Ministry of Interior

Local research partner: Cambodia Development Resource Institute

 

Costa Rica

Government focal pointDirección General de Migración y Extranjería

Local research partner: Centro Centroamericano de Población, Universidad de Costa Rica

 

Côte d’Ivoire

Government focal pointOffice National de la Population

Local research partner: Centre Ivoirien de Recherches Économiques et Sociales

 

Dominican Republic

Government focal pointMinisterio de Economía, Planificación y Desarrollo

Local research partner: Centro de Investigación y Estudios Sociales, Universidad Iberoamericana

 

Georgia

Government focal pointState Commission on Migration Issues

Local research partner: Caucasus Research Resource Centers

 

Haiti

Government focal point: Office National de la Population

Local research partner: The Interuniversity Institute for Research and Development 

 

Morocco

Government focal pointMinistry in Charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and Migration Affairs

Local research partner: Mohammed V University of Rabat

 

Philippines

Government focal pointCommission on Filipinos Overseas

Local research partner: Scalabrini Migration Center

 

Events

 

2015

Consultation meeting on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Armenia

8 September 2015

Yerevan, Armenia.

 

Consultation meeting on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Haiti

23 July 2015

Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

 

Consultation meeting on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in the Philippines

9 July 2015

Manila, the Philippines.

 

Consultation meeting on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Burkina Faso

30 June 2015

Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

 

Consultation meeting on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Cambodia

11 June 2015

Phnom Penh, Cambodia 

 

Consultation meeting on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Georgia

28 May 2015

Tbilisi, Georgia

 

2014

 

Kick-off Workshop on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Armenia

28 October 2014

Yerevan, Armenia

 

Roundtable on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in the Dominican Republic

18 February 2014

Ministerio de Economía, Planificación y Desarrollo

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

 

2013

 

Global conference on the interrelations between public policies, migration and development

5-6 December 2013

OECD Conference Centre

Paris, France

 

Kick-off Workshop on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Cambodia

26 November 2013

Hotel Cambodiana

Phnom Penh, Cambodia

 

Kick-off Workshop on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Morocco

19 November 2013

Hôtel La Tour Hassan

Rabat, Morocco  

 

Kick-off Workshop on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Burkina Faso

24 September 2013

Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population 

Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

 

Kick-off Workshop on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Côte d’Ivoire

19 September 2013

Novotel Abidjan Hôtel

Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

 

Kick-off Workshop on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Georgia

25 July 2013

Tbilisi Public Service Hall

Tbilisi, Georgia

 

Kick-off Workshop on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Costa Rica

18 July 2013

Crowne Plaza Corobici

San José, Costa Rica

 

Kick-off Workshop on the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in the Philippines

1 July 2013

AIM Conference Centre

Makati City, Philippines

 

Timeline

 

This 3.5-year project includes five main phases: (i) inception; (ii) conceptual and methodological frameworks; (iii) field work; (iv) comparative analysis; and (v) guidance for action.

 

During Phase I (4 months), which began in January 2013, 10 partner countries were selected in different regions of the world according to various criteria, including level of income and the significant weight of emigration and/or immigration in their populations.

 

Phase II (8 months) includes the elaboration of a conceptual framework on the different interactions between public policies, migration and development. This conceptual framework will contribute to the development of a methodological framework aimed at measuring the impact of public policies on migration in the target countries, as well as the implications of migration-related decisions on other policy domains and the socio-economic development of partner countries.

 

During Phase III (12 months), field work will be conducted within the partner countries by local partners.

 

During Phase IV (9 months), results from the partner countries will be analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. This evidence-based analysis will then translate into concrete policy recommendations. The final report prepared during this phase will include the overall analysis as well as the policy recommendations.

 

Finally, during Phase V (9 months), the final report’s main findings will be presented during a final conference. This phase will additionally be characterised by: the holding of country-specific dialogue to help policy makers translate the policy recommendations into a concrete policy framework; the organisation of capacity building workshops in each partner country; and the preparation of sectoral guidance notes by OECD experts, which are to be used in the context of policy dialogue with partner countries. 

 

Contact us

 

This project is managed by the OECD Development Centre in Paris, France and is led by David Khoudour, Head of the Migration and Skills Unit. For more information, please contact DEV.Migration@oecd.org

 

**This page is also available in French and Spanish.**