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  • 20-November-2020

    English

    Production Transformation Policy Review of Shenzhen, China - A Journey of Continuous Learning

    Shenzhen is a stellar case of growth and economic transformation. Since its establishment as one of China’s first four Special Economic Zones in 1980, it has evolved at breakneck speed. Shenzhen transformed from a fishing village to a major world trade hub and is now home to global innovators in electronics. The Production Transformation Policy Review (PTPR) of Shenzhen, China reviews the city’s changing policy approaches, focusing on the shift from an assembly to a manufacturing centre and more recently to an innovation and start-up hub. Through a comprehensive assessment of Shenzhen’s experience, this review offers insights into the range of policies and strategies employed to stimulate industrial upgrading and learning in China. It provides lessons and actionable policy recommendations for the growth of cities and emerging economies in their catching-up journey. The PTPR of Shenzhen, China has been carried out in the framework of the OECD Initiative for Policy Dialogue on Global Value Chains, Production Transformation and Development and has benefitted from government-business dialogues and international peer learning (University of Seoul, Korea; University of Georgetown, USA and Digital India Foundation, India).
  • 14-October-2020

    English, PDF, 724kb

    Update LEO webinar agenda

    Update LEO webinar agenda

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  • 7-October-2020

    English

    Towards UN LDC5: Recovery from COVID-19

    Online event - On the road to the Fifth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (UN LDC5) : Towards UN LDC5: Recovery from COVID-19 Tackling vulnerabilities and leveraging scarce resources.

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  • 6-October-2020

    English

    High Level Meeting of the Governing Board of the OECD Development Centre

    The High Level Meeting (HLM) of the Governing Board of the OECD Development Centre convenes Ministers and high-level officials from its Member Countries, as well as observers from other OECD and partner countries, international and regional organisations.

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  • 28-September-2020

    English

    Using Google data to understand governments’ approval in Latin America

    This paper studies the potential drivers of governments’ approval rates in 18 Latin American countries using Internet search query data from Google Trends and traditional data sources. It employs monthly panel data between January 2006 and December 2015. The analysis tests several specifications including traditional explanatory variables of governments’ approval rates – i.e. inflation, unemployment rate, GDP growth, output gap – and subjective explanatory variables – e.g. perception of corruption and insecurity. For the latter, it uses Internet search query data to proxy citizens’ main social concerns, which are expected to drive governments’ approval rates. The results show that the perception of corruption and insecurity, and complaints about public services have a statistically significant association with governments’ approval rates. This paper also discusses the potential of Internet search query data as a tool for policy makers to understand better citizens’ perceptions, since it provides highly anonymous and high-frequency series in real-time.
  • 24-September-2020

    English

    Latin America and the Caribbean: digital transformation key to recovery and building back better, says new report

    According to LEO 2020, the crisis is exacerbating a set of interlinked, structural challenges, including high inequality and informality, low productivity, and deficient public services and institutions.

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  • 24-September-2020

    English, PDF, 4,871kb

    LEO 2020 Overview SPANISH

    Perspectivas económicas de América latina 2020 - Transformación digital Para una mejor reconstrucción - RESUMEN

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  • 24-September-2020

    English

    Latin American Economic Outlook 2020 - Digital Transformation for Building Back Better

    The Latin American Economic Outlook (LEO) 2020 focuses on the role of digital transformation in helping to navigate through challenging times. The Covid-19 pandemic is having a profound impact on socio-economic conditions, accentuating the already complex scenario faced by a region with significant structural weaknesses. This unprecedented crisis comes at a time of high aspirations and reinforces the need to transform the very foundations of the development model in the region. The report explores how digital transformation can help to cope with the current socio-economic situation, boost productivity, strengthen institutions and achieve higher levels of inclusion and well-being. The LEO 2020 also highlights that international partnerships are fundamental to reaping the benefits of the digital transformation. The LEO is a joint annual publication produced by the OECD Development Centre, the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC), the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF) and the European Union (EU). It is the first pillar of the EU Regional Facility for Development in Transition for Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • 24-September-2020

    Spanish

    América Latina y el Caribe: la transformación digital es clave para acelerar la recuperación y garantizar una mejor reconstrucción, según un nuevo informe

    El informe LEO es una publicación anual conjunta producida por el Centro de Desarrollo de la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económicos (OCDE), la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL) de las Naciones Unidas, el Banco de Desarrollo de América Latina (CAF) y la Comisión Europea.

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  • 23-September-2020

    English

    The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) 2019 - A revised framework for better advocacy

    Since 2009, the OECD Development Centre has been publishing the Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI), a cross-country measure of gender-based discrimination in social institutions (formal and informal laws, social norms and practices). This working paper presents the conceptual and methodological framework of the fourth edition of the SIGI, published in 2019. The SIGI 2019 methodology establishes a criterion for the computation of measures of gender-based discrimination –where zero denotes no discrimination and 100 denotes full discrimination – for 27 categorical and continuous variables combined into 16 indicators and 4 dimensions: discrimination in the family, restricted physical integrity, restricted access to productive and financial resources, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI 2019 is then calculated as a translation-invariant generalised mean of these discrimination measures. The result is an indicator that measures aggregate level of discrimination in the social institutions of 180 countries and territories.
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