The SPSR takes a forward-looking approach, providing a diagnostic of the current state of the social protection system and highlighting future challenges and options for addressing them. This includes an analysis of the country’s demographics, poverty dynamics, labour market trends and revenue base in so far as these have implications for the social protection system. The analysis also examines how social protection expenditure is currently financed and its sustainability over the long term.
The SPSR places a strong emphasis on assessing the extent to which a social protection system provides effective and equitable coverage for the poor and those who are vulnerable to poverty. It analyses whether the system has contributed to reducing poverty, vulnerability and inequality as well as examining the extent to which it has fostered more inclusive growth, defined as an improvement of living standards and the sharing of the benefits of increased prosperity more evenly across social groups. The analysis includes non-monetary dimensions that matter for well-being, such as employment prospects, health outcomes, educational opportunities or vulnerability to adverse environmental factors.
Specifically, the SPSRs examine five dimensions of a country’s social protection system:
Taken together, these five dimensions provide a diagnostic of the main challenges for a country’s social protection system and identify potential avenues for its extension and reform over the long term. While the above provides an overall analytical approach, the individual SPSRs are carefully tailored to reflect national priorities in close consultation with government ministries. The analysis will also vary according to the level of development of the social protection system and the availability of data. Where possible, the analysis is conducted jointly with government officials and/ or local researchers to build capacity for evidence-based policy-making. The research process is very participatory and includes a number of workshops to jointly define research priorities, interpret preliminary findings, and formulate policy implications.
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