The 31 countries examined in this sixth edition of the African Economic Outlook account for some 86 per cent of Africa’s population and 91 per cent of itseconomic output.
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THE ETHIOPIAN ECONOMY has performed strongly in recent years. Growth has averaged an impressive 8.9 per cent over 2004-06, driven mainly by strongagricultural growth along with expansion in industry and services.
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NAMIBIA HAS EXPERIENCED SEVERAL YEARS of moderate economic growth, due mainly to strong performance in diamond production and prudent macroeconomic policies. Growth averaged 4.5 % a year over the period 2000-05, and is expected to reach 4.8 % in 2006 and 2007 and 4.9 % in 2008.
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MOZAMBIQUE HAS ACHIEVED IMPRESSIVE economic expansion since the end of the civil war. Over the past five years, growth averaged 8.9 %. The economy is estimated to have expanded by 7.9 % in 2006.
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GROWTH, WHICH HAD REACHED 7.1 per cent in 2005, slowed to 3 per cent in 2006. The 4 per cent growth forecasts for 2007 and 2008 are hardly optimisticas they amount to just a 1 point increase in per capita GDP.
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NIGERIA CONTINUES TO MAKE PROGRESS on its far reaching economic reform programme, the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS), aimed at accelerating economic growth, reducing poverty, and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
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THE CAMEROON ECONOMY appeared to regain momentum in 2006 after its sluggish performance in 2005. Real GDP growth is projected to reach 4 and 4.1 per cent in 2007 and 2008 respectively.
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MAURITIUS HAS MADE CONSIDERABLE progress in transforming its economy from a low-income country to a middle-income country based primarily on the production and exports of sugar and textiles.
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THE 2005 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION WAS a contest between opposition parties and a “presidential majority” coalition backing President Omar Bongo Ondimba for another sevenyear term. Bongo was declared by the constitutional court to have won re-election with about 80 per centof the votes cast.
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MACROECONOMIC STABILITY and prudent use of diamond export earnings have catapulted Botswana, a low-income country half a century ago, to its currentstatus as an upper middle-income country.