Development Centre

DEV Newsletter, October 2010

 


OCTOBER 2010

Centro de Reabilitação do Hospital de Itapecerica

Research on the condition of the social contract in Latin America.

Is the social contract in Latin America broken? OECD Development Centre economists Christian Daude and Ãngel Melguizo have analysed empirically the relationship between fiscal policy, social mobility and democratic consolidation in Latin America and the Caribbean, using the 2007 and 2008 rounds of the regional Latinobarómetro survey.

The way in which taxes are levied and resources are allocated is at the heart of the social contract between citizens and the state. Latin Americans that are part of this social contract and have higher levels of education are more willing to pay taxes and accept higher levels of taxation. However, in several countries in Latin America, low observed levels of tax revenue mean that tax hikes are needed, but low fiscal legitimacy might render the best-designed tax reform unenforceable.

The best way to build confidence in reforms is therefore by increasing the efficiency and transparency of expenditure and by improving the living conditions of a large part of the population. Find out more about fiscal legitimacy and follow the progress of the Latin American Economic Outlook 2011, focusing on the middle sectors, which will be presented in December.

New data shows an increase in tax revenues in Africa

African countries, across all income levels, have gradually increased their level of collected fiscal revenues over the past two decades. However, the crisis is expected to impact negatively on the fiscal revenue performance of African countries in 2009.

A complete database of public revenue flows for 50 African governments from 1996 to 2008 is now publicly available on AEO.org, the online gateway to African economies provided by the OECD Development Centre, the African Development Bank (AfDB), the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the UN Development programme (UNDP). The database was used in its original form for the African Economic Outlook (AEO) 2010 study on “Public Resource Mobilisation and Aidâ€, which covered the 1996-2007 period.
Access the Database on African fiscal performance
.


Measuring Governance

What is the role of donors in budgetary execution?

Quantitative indicators of the quality of governance in developing countries have proliferated since the mid-1990s. The most widely used, and misused, are composite perceptions-based indicators. Greater transparency is required in the production and in the use of governance indicators. Read it here.

Budget execution is an important element of infrastructure development and in non-OECD countries, external resources, including donor funding, remain critical. This presentation by Laura Recuero Virto and Sara Fyson, economists at the OECD, gives us some tips on the sustainability of the resources used to finance development. .

Call for Papers: Social Cohesion Conference60 Reais (brazilian money)

Fiscal policy in Latin America: Better after all?

How well prepared were Latin American countries for the global crisis? This column uses two decades of data from the region to argue that, just as inflation-targeting rules institutionalised robust monetary policy and helped to curb rises in the price level, countercyclical fiscal policy must be institutionalised to be effective and sustainable. Chile is leading the way.Read the article on VoxEU

El País: "La clave es innovar antes de que otros te copien" Interview with Mario Pezzini, Director, OECD Development Centre.

Financial Times Deutschland: Kollateralschäden von Chinas Währungspolitik Helmut Reisen’s work on renminbi quoted, head of research at the OECD Development Centre.

Bloomberg: China Bashers Pass Buck on What’s Ailing U.S. Helmut Reisen’s work on renminbi quoted, head of research at the OECD Development Centre.

 

 







  FORTHCOMING EVENTS

9Launch of the Southeast Asian Economic Outlook 2010: Rebalancing Growth, organised jointly with the OECD Tokyo Centre Contact.

24-26DeFine, International Dialogue « Exploring a New Global Partnership for the Least Developed Countries (LDC), in the context of the "UN LDC IV" in partnership with the Centre for Policy dialogue. Dhaka, Bangladesh. Contact.

3-4International Launch of the OECD Latin American Economic Outlook 2011: How middle class is Latin America?. Mar del Plata, Argentina Contact.

16Release of the Asian Business Cycles Quarterly, Q4. Paris, France. Contact.

16Presentation of the OECD Latin American Economic Outlook 2011: How middle class is Latin America?. Paris, France. Contact.

23Release of the Asian Business Cycles Quarterly, Q1. Paris, France. Contact.

20-21International Conference on Social Cohesion and Development. Paris, France. Contact.

243nd International Economic Forum on Latin America and the Caribbean, co-organised by the Development Centre together with the Inter-American Development Bank and the French Ministry of Economy, Industry and Employment. Paris, France. Contact.

 

 

MEET US ON

 

 

 

 

Emerging economic partners in Africa: an opportunity to reduce poverty? Do Africa's new economic partners represent an opportunity to reduce poverty and promote equality throughout the continent? Members from four of the most important international institutions working for Africa --AfDB, OECD Development Centre, UNDP and UNECA- give a glimpse of the prospects of these new partners.


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