Gender and development

Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries



Publication date:

12 March 2010


ISBN Number:



€55.00; $74.00; £46.00; ¥6 800  

Gender inequality holds back not just women but the economic and social development of entire societies. That is why overcoming discrimination is important in the fight against poverty in developing countries. However, tackling such inequalities is not easy.

In many countries, discrimination against women is deeply rooted in social institutions, long-lasting codes of conduct, norms, traditions, and informal and formal laws determine gender outcomes in education, health, political representation and labour markets.




The "Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in Non-OECD Countries" was launched during the International Workshop "Gender Equality and Progress of Societies" on 12 March 2010. This new resource combines country and regional analysis with rankings based on the Development Centre’s Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI).


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Social Institutions : Hidden forms of gender discrimination

The OECD Atlas of Gender and Development provides an innovative way of looking at these sources of discrimination.

It presents a new composite measure of gender inequality: the Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI), developed by the OECD Development Centre, which examines women’s status in five key areas:

  • Family code – early marriage, parental authority, polygamy and inheritance rights.
  • Physical integrity – violence against women and female genital mutilation.
  • Son preference – ’missing women’.
  • Civil liberties – women’s freedom of movement and dress.
  • Ownership rights – women’s access to land, property and credit.


An indispensable tool

The Atlas of Gender and Development is an indispensable tool for development practitioners, policy makers, academics and the wider public. It provides detailed country notes,maps and graphics describing the situation of women in 124 developing and transition countries based on an analysis of how social institutions discriminate against women according to the five key areas. It also provides SIGI rankings for 102 of these countries.


Did you know....


...that countries with higher levels of discrimination against women also have fewer women in the labour force?



…that the three highest-ranking countries in SIGI are Paraguay, Croatia and Kazakhstan?


…that looking at the incidence of early marriage can help explain differences in literacy rates across coun-tries?


Find out more answers to "Did you know" questions by reading the book...


How to obtain this publication

Readers will have access the full version of Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in Non-OECD Countries by choosing from the following options:



For more information, please contact Ms. Estelle Loiseau (; Tel. +33 (0) or Ms. Nejma Bouchama (; Tel: +33 (0)




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