Gender and development


  • The Social Institutions and Gender Index Regional Report for sub-Saharan Africa

    The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Regional Report for sub-Saharan Africa offers an in-depth analysis of the region’s progress towards gender equality. The report draws from SIGI’s 14 variables that measure gender-based discrimination in social norms, practices and laws.

    Read more
  • Does gender discrimination in social institutions matter for long-term growth?

    The OECD Development Centre has published a working paper assessing the relationship between discriminatory social institutions and long-term growth. Using the SIGI, this paper indicates that discrimination represents a high cost for economic growth, up to USD 12 trillion; while gender parity could create economic opportunities.

    Read more
  • SIGI country study launched in Burkina Faso

    The second Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) country study was launched in Burkina Faso in May 2016, in partnership with the Burkinabe Ministry of Women, National Solidarity and the Family and the National Statistics and Demographic Institute. SIGI country studies aim to provide a deeper understanding of how discrimination against women plays out at the sub-national level, particularly in relation to compounding factors such as urban/rural differences, socio-economic status, ethnicity and education level.

    Read more
The OECD Development Centre highlights the central role of discriminatory social norms in perpetuating gender inequalities in non-OECD countries. Work includes looking at the underlying causes of gender inequality through the Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) and engaging in a dialogue through the platform Wikigender. The Development Centre produces research linking social norms with a range of development outcomes on a regular basis as well as new research, such as migration and time use. 

Welcome to Development Matters, a platform for open and informed discussion on current development opportunities and challenges.

Measuring social norms: A global index


Regional analysis: SIGI Regional Reports


Country-level analysis: SIGI country studies


Sharing knowledge and data

The SIGI is a cross-country measure of discriminatory social institutions, covering 160 countries. Browse the Gender, Institutions and Development Database (GID-DB) and explore the Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) to find out more about how the underlying drivers of gender inequality shape women’s empowerment opportunities as well as national development outcomes.  

SIGI Regional Reports dive deeper into regional progress towards gender equality and analyses the impacts of remaining challenges for regional development goals. Read the Europe and Central Asia  and sub-Saharan Africa Reports.


The pilot SIGI country study was launched in Uganda in May 2015. A second country study is underway in Burkina Faso (in French). 


Wikigender is an online platform for gender and development advocates and experts to share and exchange knowledge and data. The re-launched website is now available in English and French.