International migration in a shifting world
The global world stock of individuals living in a country other than the one in which they were born increased by 60% between 1990 and 2015. In an increasingly interdependent and fast changing world, the nature of migration in developing countries is changing. In 2015, 54% of total migrants were born in a developing country and were living in a developed country, up from 36% in 1990. At the same time developing countries are also struggling to deal with immigration from other developing countries and the educational attainment of those migrants has also increased. The evolution of global migration calls for innovative policies in order to deal with these new challenges. The expert meeting on 25-26 January discussed the main challenges raised by international migration in preparation for the next Perspectives on Global Development report on international migration in a shifting world that will be launched in autumn 2016.
Seizing Africa’s “urban dividend”
Africa’s diverse urban transitions offer new opportunities for achieving the SDGs - in particular SDG11 on sustainable cities and communities- and the AU’s Agenda 2063; but for that “urban dividend” to be seized, a number of radical policy shifts are required. The AEO 2016, to be launched at the AfDB Annual meetings (Lusaka, May 2016), will inform the ongoing international dialogue on urbanisation ahead of the Habitat III conference (Quito, October 2016) and the Africa Forum (Paris, Fall 2016).
Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India
Energy challenges in emerging Asia are becoming a key issue. Discussions during the expert meeting on the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India highlighted the need to reflect the region’s energy challenges with regard to questions of access to energy and the inclusiveness of policies already in place. To this end, regional connectivity will be paramount. However, the global economic context also matters: participants agreed on the need to address the effects of US monetary normalisation, China’s slowing growth and policies for capital flow management in the 2017 edition of the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India.