Development Centre

Development Centre Newsletter - March - April 2016

 

Time to act! From commitment to implementation of the SDGs


How can the 2030 Agenda be ‘’glocalised’’? Going from global commitment to local action was at the heart of discussions at the 8th OECD Global Forum on Development (GFD) on 31 March, which welcomed over 400 international development practitioners from OECD and non-OECD countries as well as from the private and philanthropic sectors.

Localising the SDGs rests on a tripod of action: sound policies, better data, and adequate and predictable development finance. Along these lines, strategies for rural development will be one crucial way to achieve the ambitious SDG agenda. The OECD Development Centre’s report “A New Rural Development Paradigm for the 21st Century: A Toolkit for Developing Countries,” which was launched at the GFD, discusses the strategic components for developing resilient and sustainable rural livelihoods.

Revenue Statistics


A new Revenue Statistics database for Africa

Tax revenues in African countries are rising as a proportion of national incomes, according to the first Revenue Statistics in Africa. Revenue data is available and internationally comparable through a transparent and participatory way in the inaugural edition that covers the eight African countries of Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritius, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa and Tunisia.

The report was launched in Addis Ababa on 3 April by the OECD, the African Union Commission and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF). The data, assembled and harmonized with OECD revenue classifications in close collaboration with participating countries, is available free of charge online at OECD.stat. More African countries are invited to join forthcoming editions.




Tax Revenues in Latin America and the Caribbean

Despite a continuing slowdown in economic growth, tax revenues in Latin American and Caribbean countries rose slightly in 2014, as a proportion of national incomes, according to a new edition of Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean. The average tax-to-GDP ratio for Latin American and Caribbean countries rose from 21.5% in 2013 to 21.7% in 2014. This is still well below the 34.4% OECD average.

Revenues from non-renewable natural resources have been hit hard by the sharp decline in commodity prices. In 2014, this resulted in a significant decrease in hydrocarbon-related revenues, representing an average 0.7 percentage points of GDP for the countries covered. In 2015, the expected fall is estimated at 2.1 percentage points of GDP.

Countries in focus


Uruguay: Better integration, infrastructure and education policies are the priorities

The second volume of the Multi-dimensional Review of Uruguay explores three policy areas to put Uruguay on a path to sustainable development. These include designing a strategy for international integration, overcoming barriers to developing transport infrastructure, and strengthening education and skills systems. The report specifically recommends that Uruguay improve integration with global value chains and its diversification strategy, develop a more coherent regulatory framework for investment, improve infrastructure planning and delivery, and strengthen the quality and relevance of education and skills.


 

Peru: Towards better education

The latest publication of Making Development Happen on “Avanzando hacia una mejor educación para Perú” assesses recent education policies Peru is implementing. Produced in collaboration with the OECD Directorate on Education and Skills, the report looks at Peru’s incentive mechanisms to improve teacher quality, implement “jornada única” to avoid the prevalence of two or even three-shift schools, and create SUNEDU as an independent body to supervise the quality of higher education. In stressing the importance of continuing these efforts in the years ahead, the study highlights the need to raise further fiscal resources and to improve the effectiveness of public expenditures as key to closing Peru’s educational gap.

March / April

• Time to act! From commitment to implementation of the SDGs
- 8th OECD Global Forum on Development

• Revenue Statistics:

- A new Revenue Statistics database for Africa
- Tax Revenues in Latin America and the Caribbean

• Countries in focus:

- Uruguay: Better integration, infrastructure and education policies are the priorities
- Peru: Towards better education

visit our website at www.oecd.org/dev

Events

• Madrid, 9/05/2016

Presentation of the Latin American Economic Outlook 2016: Towards a New Partnership with China at Casa de América

 

 

• Paris, 19-20/05/2016

DevCom Workshop Digital Media and the Global Goals: Opportunities, Risks and Effective Strategies

 

•Lusaka, 23/05/2016

Launch of the African Economic Outlook 2016: Sustainable Cities and Structural Transformation at the African Development Bank Group annual meetings

 

• Paris, 2/06/2016

The High-level Meeting of the Governing Board of the OECD Development Centre

 

• Paris, 3/06/2016

8th International Economic Forum on Latin America and the Caribbean focusing on New Challenges and Innovative Partnerships in a Shifting World

 

• Paris, 3/06/2016

Reviving Investment: New Opportunities, New Players, a meeting of the Emerging Markets Network (EMnet) on Latin America

Did you know?

…The Development Centre commemorated International Women’s Day with a high-level event on the 2030 Agenda: Gender Equality, Social Norms and Inclusive Growth

…Access to education has expanded in Peru, but inequalities persist: more than 50% of the richest people access higher education vs. 1 out of 10 in the lowest income group.

Development Posts

By Helen Clark
The SDGs are here… Now what?

By Gabriela Ramos
Gender discrimination in social institutions and long-term growth

Media

DEVEX
4 biggest challenges to achieving the SDGs

The Guardian
Myanmar can flourish by sowing seeds of agricultural prosperity

FTSE Global Markets
Rising tax revenues are key to economic development in African countries says OECD

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Read more on our ongoing projects:

- Social Institutions and Gender Index

- Policy Dialogue on Natural Resource-based Development

- OECD Initiative on Global Value Chains, Production Transformation and Development

- OECD Multi-dimensional Country Reviews

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