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Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.
After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America's innovation strategies. Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. It provides a comparative snapshot of recent initiatives in six countries in the region to identify good practices and foster knowledge sharing to improve innovation policy design and implementation.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.
In his remarks, A. Gurría said that the middle sectors in Latin America are closer to the disadvantaged than to the affluent in many aspects.
Aunque la clase media en América Latina está creciendo y comienza a ser un motor para el progreso económico, continúa siendo económicamente vulnerable en comparación con los países de alto ingreso de la OCDE, de acuerdo al Secretario General de la OCDE.
Even though the growing middle class in Latin America is becoming an engine of economic progress, it remains economically vulnerable when compared with high income OECD countries, according to the OECD Development Centre’s Latin American Economic Outlook 2010.
Perspectivas Económicas de América Latina 2011
El año 2010 será un “año de recuperación” crítico para América Latina y las decisiones que se tomen en esta fase serán cruciales para determinar el futuro de estos países, segun el Secretario General de la OCDE.