Latin America and the Caribbean
Multi-dimensional Review of Uruguay
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Uruguay has made remarkable progress over the past decade. Stable macroeconomic policies and a favourable external environment have permitted brisk growth and the financing of social policies. Substantial improvements in several dimensions of human well-being have occurred during this period, alongside considerable reductions in external risks.
The conditions ahead, however, may present challenges to maintaining performance. Overcoming these challenges will require finding the appropriate balance between long run objectives and macroeconomic and fiscal stability.
One of the main obstacles to economic growth is the insufficient and inadequate provision of human capital and skills. A number of challenges remain for education, which, together with fiscal policy, are key means of reducing inequalities and sustaining economic growth.
In addition, Uruguay needs to address labour shortages to avoid constraints on future growth, especially as exports become more skills-intensive. It is important to orient social policies and expenditures towards the most vulnerable groups.
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Facts and figures of Uruguay
Chapter 1. How’s life in Uruguay? Historical performance and an assessment of well-being outcomes
Chapter 2. Structural trends and economic performance in Uruguay
Chapter 3. Inequalities in Uruguay
Chapter 4. Macroeconomic policies for sustaining growth and social inclusion in Uruguay
Measuring Individual well-being: Uruguay and the World
Note: Bivariate regressions are run with the relevant well-being measures as the dependent variable and GDP per capita as the independent variable to estimate a coefficient for the relationship between GDP and the outcome in question. The coefficient is then applied to Uruguay’s actual GDP per capita to produce an expected value for the outcome. Uruguay’s actual well-being outcome is expressed as a ratio of the expected outcome measured in standard deviations. This sample contains 130 countries with a population over a million.