La relación de la OCDE con América Latina sigue creciendo, junto con la importancia de la región en la economía internacional. La participación de los países latinoamericanos en nuestros comités, working groups e iniciativas es más fuerte que nunca.
Understanding the impact of the global rebalancing in Latin America, from the rise of new emerging economies, to the global recomposition of production and the overcoming of the Middle Income Trap.
Boosting competitiveness requires broad based policies in areas such as infrastructure, education and skills, innovation and financial inclusion. We contribute to the design and success of these policies.
Tackling inequality requires finding the right policy mix, including strong tax systems, good public services and inclusive social policies for the poor and the emerging middle class.
Latin America: publications, working papers and studies
The OECD Development Centre’s Americas experts will present key findings from their two flagship reports the Latin American Economic Outlook and the OECD Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2014 on Tuesday 18 February 2014 in Paris and in Santo Domingo, and on Wednesday 19 February 2014 in Madrid.
English, PDF, 767kb
This working paper contributes to the understanding of the use of investment tax incentives, which are widely used in developing countries to foster investment and competitiveness, not always with the desired outcomes. In particular in Central America and the Caribbean, competition to attract foreign direct investment has lead towards a significant erosion of the tax base in many countries.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.
English, PDF, 1,020kb
Recent research associated structural transformation to a change in the type of goods a country produces and exports. This change entails a gradual move towards goods that embody greater physical and/or human capital, which is conceptualized as the “economic complexity” of a country. This paper unveils the determinants of this variable, taking into account the set of factors affecting the degree of economic complexity in countries.
Portuguese, PDF, 88kb
Após uma década de crescimento relativamente forte, a América Latina enfrenta ventos contrários associados ao declínio do comércio, à moderação nos preços das matérias-primas e ao aumento da incerteza relativamente às condições de financiamento externo, de acordo com a mais recente edição das Perspectivas Económicas na América Latina.