The Latin American Economic Outlook 2011: How middle-class is Latin America? was presented in Santo Domingo on 9 March 2011, at the Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development of the Dominican Republic.
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Persistence in educational achievements across generations in Latin America arises from high returns to education, low progressivity in public investment in human capital and lack of access to proper financing. Education and other social policies to boost upward mobility are discussed.
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A strengthened social contract in Latin American countries relies on the improved quality of public services such as health and education, which would build a constituency for a broader tax base.
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Income is very unequally distributed in Latin America – but so too are opportunities for upward mobility. Early childhood development is a powerful mechanism to level the social playing field. More and better secondary education is key.
The uneven global recovery is challenging Latin America and the Caribbean, but the region will emerge stronger from the crisis with high growth potential if it continues deepening integration into the global economy.
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Social protection coverage is quite low in Latin America. This situation represents a challenge for public policy since these low levels of affiliation and irregular contribution histories indicate that pensions will be insufficient in the coming decades.
This paper studies the impact of workers’ remittances on sovereign ratings in 55 developing countries over the period 1993–2006. First, it looks at the determinants of sovereign ratings, including remittance flows.
In his remarks, A. Gurría said that the middle sectors in Latin America are closer to the disadvantaged than to the affluent in many aspects.
Aunque la clase media en América Latina está creciendo y comienza a ser un motor para el progreso económico, continúa siendo económicamente vulnerable en comparación con los países de alto ingreso de la OCDE, de acuerdo al Secretario General de la OCDE.
Even though the growing middle class in Latin America is becoming an engine of economic progress, it remains economically vulnerable when compared with high income OECD countries, according to the OECD Development Centre’s Latin American Economic Outlook 2010.