Latin America and the Caribbean

Experts’ Meeting on Migration and Development in Latin America: Towards LEO 2010


18 -19 May 2009
OECD - Château de la Muette, Room CC7
Paris, France




The Latin American Economic Outlook 2010 (LEO 2010) aims to clarify the linkages between migration and development in Latin America: how does migration contribute to growth and development in the region? Both migration and remittances have multiple implications—positive and negative— for development. This edition will try to look for innovative approaches to migration that may prove to be helpful to face the current economic crisis and promote economic development in the region. With this objective, this  Experts’ Meeting intends to generate critical feedback on the ongoing background work for LEO 2010, gathering new insights from both academia and practitioners attending this meeting.



The two day seminar will be structured around the following sessions:

Day 1 :  18 May

Session 1 – Macro-Overview : Latin America in 2010


This session will provide a macroeconomic outlook for Latin American and Caribbean. By taking into account the trade and financial linkages of the countries in Latin America with the rest of the world, and their resilience in terms of structural aspects of their economies and policies, this session will assess the effects of the crisis in LA economies and the room for using fiscal and monetary policy in a countercyclical way. The session will also provide a discussion of the link between development and the crisis, with an emphasis on policies to avoid a reversal of progress made in recent times with respect to poverty and inequality reduction.


Participants will address the following questions:


1. “When the US sneezes, Latin America catches a cold” , but what happens then, if the US is to catch a severe cold?
2. How resilient is Latin America to face this global economic slump? How effective are fiscal and monetary policies in the region?
3. How will this crisis affect regional growth and poverty reduction? What policies are most effective to protect vulnerable citizens in Latin America from the impact of the crisis?


Day 2 : 19 May

Session 2 – Remittances and financial development


This session will discuss the role of remittances in the financial development in Latin America.
Participants will address the following questions:


1. Can remittances contribute to the improvement of the banking system?
2. What is the potential of remittances in the development of capital markets?
3. Are workers’ remittances relevant for Credit Rating Agencies?


Session 3 – Migration and labour markets and social protection


This session will discuss a key channel through which international migration might bring benefits to – or impose costs upon – to Latin American development: its effects on labour markets outcomes and social protection. The impact of immigration, emigration and remittances on labour market outcomes (wages, participation rates or unemployment), human capital and entrepreneurship will be analysed. Some remarks on the portability of social benefits (mainly retirement pensions) will be also considered.
Participants will address the following questions:
1. In principle, emigration from Latin American countries should reduce pressure on local labour markets, raising wages or reducing unemployment or underemployment or all at once. How strong is this effect?
2. What is the effect of circular and return migration, as Latin Americans go back and forth between labour markets at home and abroad?  Does this promote a circulation of skills benefiting the region, or does it drain the region of “brains” it sorely needs?
3. What can be expected about the size, the direction and the composition of migration flows in the current crisis scenario?
4. What changes in social protection regimes, in countries of origin and of destination, would increase the gains from migration to all parties?

Session 4 – Migration country notes (Latin America)


LEO 2010 will feature specific country notes on the main economies of the region. This session will present the first results of this work in progress, which will focus on the migration dynamics and the most pressing challenges for each Latin American country studied.
Participants will comment on:
1. The pertinence of the information specified in the country note.
2. The accuracy of the sources used
3. The organization of the country note information and content.



Session 5 – Implications for Policy Makers


This session will consist of a roundtable discussion lead by Latin American policy makers on conclusions and practical recommendations distilled throughout the  previous sessions of the meeting.
Participants will address the following questions:
1. What have we learnt?  Do migration and remittances influence development in Latin America? How can policymakers and other key actors involved maximise the potential of migration and remittances to boost well-being in the region?.

2. What can Latin America and the OECD learn from their respective experience in migration?


For more details, please contact:

Download the agenda of the event

Download the list of invited participants 



Participants'  Input for the Meeting









Links of Interest:


Telefonía Móvil y Acceso a Servicios Financieros en América Latina y Caribe



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