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The objective of the evaluation was to evaluate past experiences, draw lessons, and formulate recommendations to inform and guide the Bank‘s future investments in this sub-sector; as well as to provide timely insight into specific issues relevant to the Bank‘s renewed focus on agricultural water in Africa.
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The MCC compact with Armenia was a five-year investment(2006-2011) of $177.6 million in two projects: irrigated agriculture and rural road rehabilitation. Although most output and outcome targets were met or exceeded, the evaluation did not detect impacts on adoption, productive income or household income.
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The evaluation found varied results for the three regions invested in under the Commercial Training Activity. The evaluation showed no impact on yields or crop incomes on average across the three regions. However, northern region farmers’ annual crop income increased significantly relative to the control group, over and above any impacts recorded in the other zones.
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The study found that the use of improved water sources has increased substantially but this does not guarantee the safety of the drinking water nor the necessary water consumption.
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The current impact evaluation found evidence of a large increase in the use of improved water sources and in the ownership and use of latrines. Much of the increase can be attributed to an innovative approach to sanitation.
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The report concludes that Benin is on its way to achieving its targets on improved water sources, but safe drinking water is still not secured. Furthermore, water facilities are not always being constructed where they are needed most.
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This evaluation study is intended to provide ex-post assessment of three water supply projects which were implemented by KOICA in Kenya from 2007-2010 and aims at analysing actual project outcomes and effects.
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The evaluation noted that the choice of sectors was strategically consistent with beneficiaries’ needs. Actions targeted municipalities where the scarcity of infrastructure, or its poor condition, was a major impediment to economic development.
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Agricultural water management projects present particular challenges and therefore require very careful planning, design, and execution to avoid failures or leave the beneficiaries worse off.
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Despite improved access, much remains to be done in the water sector. The comprehensive assessment of the World Bank portfolio in the sector clearly points to major challenges that would have to be mastered in the future.