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Japan’s ODA policies in the health sector are generally consistent with the trends in the international community’s assistance shown in the MDGs. However, Japan’s assistance has been mainly for neighbouring countries, while many Sub-Saharan Africa countries have serious health problems. This discrepancy is because of Japan’s “national interest” in creating friendly relationships with neighbour countries through ODA.
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Japan’s international emergency assistance has a high level, both in terms of quality and speed. In terms of the total amount contributed over the past 10 years, Japan’s humanitarian assistance ranks 4th in the world. The countries receiving the assistance are geopolitically diverse. The assistance provided has produced outcomes that have the desired effect for the people requiring the assistance.
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Japan has provided ODA to Kenya through various schemes. However, the recognition of Japan’s ODA to Kenyan citizens is not sufficient. In order to improve this situation, the Government of Japan needs to forge a public relations strategy that clearly appeals to the Kenyan society based on the principles of Japan’s contribution to Kenya’s important development agendas.
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The evaluation has determined that policy relevance is very high, the results have been effective, and processes have been appropriately implemented; and, from the diplomatic viewpoints, that Japanese assistance to Pakistan has formed the basis of a positive diplomatic relationship between the two countries.
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Canada contributed to important short-term achievements in various sectors, ranging from the construction and rehabilitation of thousands of schools, improved access to health facilities, construction of community infrastructure and promotion of human rights. Given Afghanistan's level of development in 2002, long-term development results were difficult to realise. However, real gains were made, especially in the social sectors.
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The report found that despite its failure to address people’s humanitarian needs in a timely manner, the DFID pilot test has proven promising, to many extents. There were still food shortages that were not the result of the drought at the time of the intervention, and the cash received helped households to deal with these without having to resort to extreme coping strategies.
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On the whole, Bank Group assistance performance in Chad over 2002-2012 is deemed moderately satisfactory. Investments made in the area of infrastructure have helped create conditions for the sustained and inclusive growth of the entire economy. However, the Bank's intervention in economic governance and public sector management has not been successful, thereby limiting its positive role in the country’s overall economic growth.
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The review was undertaken to provide a synthesis of project evaluations prepared during 2008-09, and highlight the key issues around the Bank’s overall approach to project completion reporting, taking account of changes introduced in 2009. The review revealed that greater progress in compliance with project completion reporting (PCR) is evident, but timeliness remains a substantial issue.
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Although the AfDB Trust Fund portfolio has grown rapidly, it still represents less than 1 percent of African Development Fund/African Development Bank lending levels. With an equivalent of US$61 million of disbursements it is well below the number of trust funds and disbursement levels of other multilateral development banks. Still, the reputational risks of trust funds to the AfDB are greater than their relative level of resources.
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Refugees in Cameroon, Tanzania, and Zambia have experienced considerable success in local integration. In all three countries, economic integration has been reached as defined by refugees achieving self-reliance and a standard of living similar to the host community. The successes have been the result of a combination of factors including host governments providing fertile land, UNHCR and partner governments.