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This paper shows that most sovereign debt is held on the banking books of banks, whereas the EU stress test considered only their small trading book exposures. It discusses why sovereign debt held in the banking book cannot be ignored by investors and creditors, because of recovery values in the event of individual bank failures; and fiscal sustainability and structural competitiveness issues which mean the market cannot give a zero
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This paper discusses the impact of the crisis on defined benefit (DB) pension schemes and the temporary responses taken by regulators to help ease financially strained plan sponsors. It presents suggestions to governments and policy makers for making funding regulations more counter-cyclical in nature. Such measures could strengthen the security of DB benefits and help to maintain DB plans for future workers.
English, Excel, 1,042kb
This working paper, the 2010 update of the FDI Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index), expands the sectors covered and revises the way in which FDI measures are scored and weighted.
English, Excel, 597kb
This working paper examines two issues concerning foreign state-controlled investors: whether the doctrine of foreign state immunity may make it difficult for private parties to pursue legitimate claims against them and whether that doctrine creates regulatory enforcement gaps for host countries.
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This paper assesses the relative performance of different investment strategies for different structures of the payout phase.
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This paper inquires into the forces that drive the practice of risk management at defined benefit (DB) pension funds in Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom and the United States in the aftermath of the perfect pension storm. First, pension funds’ risk management is grounded in the context of the development of modern risk management in the financial industry more general. Second, focusing solely on single-employer sponsored DB
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The public pension system of Japan provides coverage for all, irrespective of occupation and income. Corporate pension plans provide additional benefits over the public pension in order to meet the diversified financial needs in retirement and play a key role in enriching people’s life after retirement.The majority of corporate pensions in Japan are defined-benefit type. Consequently, a great amount of attention is paid to benefit
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This working paper provides draft good practice guidelines for the design of national financial literacy surveys and proposes guidelines for the design of a core set of good practice questions for embedding within any national surveys aimed at measuring financial literacy levels.
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Drawing on the experience of the pensions and other financial sectors, this paper examines what sort of risk-management framework pension funds should have in place. Such frameworks are broken down into four main categories: management oversight and culture; strategy and risk assessment; control systems; and information and reporting. Ways in which supervisory authorities can check that such systems are operating are also considered,