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This paper proposes a framework to help policymakers think about how best develop a national strategy to hedge against the massive economic burden of extreme events that could hit their country tomorrow, focusing specifically on the role that risk transfer mechanisms alternative to traditional insurance can play.
This paper gathers evidence on public sector pension plans regarding the type of pension promise and quantifies the future tax burden related to these pension promises. The reported liabilities are recalculated using both a fair value approach (local market discount rates) and a common, fixed discount rate across all countries which reflects projected growth in national income.
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This paper provides a detailed chronological account of the governance-cum-management reform of National Pension Fund in Korea and analyzes its success factors, drawing lessons for other countries. A review of the current governance structures with the fund versus OECD guidelines and international good practice is also provided, along with suggestions for further reform.
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This paper suggests avenues for strengthening the governance and management of the Japanese Government Pension Investment Fund (GPIF), the largest single pool of pension assets in the world.
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At the end of April 2010, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) published an exposure draft with proposed changes to International Accounting Standard No. 19 (IAS 19). IAS 19 is the current standard for the financial reporting of company pension obligations that stem from defined benefit (DB) and similar plans. It is required for exchange-listed companies in many parts of the world. If enacted, the changes to IAS 19
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This paper shows that most sovereign debt is held on the banking books of banks, whereas the EU stress test considered only their small trading book exposures. It discusses why sovereign debt held in the banking book cannot be ignored by investors and creditors, because of recovery values in the event of individual bank failures; and fiscal sustainability and structural competitiveness issues which mean the market cannot give a zero
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This paper discusses the impact of the crisis on defined benefit (DB) pension schemes and the temporary responses taken by regulators to help ease financially strained plan sponsors. It presents suggestions to governments and policy makers for making funding regulations more counter-cyclical in nature. Such measures could strengthen the security of DB benefits and help to maintain DB plans for future workers.
English, Excel, 1,042kb
This working paper, the 2010 update of the FDI Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index), expands the sectors covered and revises the way in which FDI measures are scored and weighted.
English, Excel, 597kb
This working paper examines two issues concerning foreign state-controlled investors: whether the doctrine of foreign state immunity may make it difficult for private parties to pursue legitimate claims against them and whether that doctrine creates regulatory enforcement gaps for host countries.
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This paper assesses the relative performance of different investment strategies for different structures of the payout phase.