The management of operational risk is at the heart of efficient government, but countries often fail to apply good or even routine operational risk management practices and have difficulty in understanding how to put the processes in place. This paper sets out a widely-applicable and relevant policy approach and management framework and illustrates its practical application in Turkey.
With growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper discusses the extent of state ownership in the global economy, the advantages and disadvantages that SOEs can face, and how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.
This paper examines the rationales for public ownership of enterprises in five OECD countries: Hungary, Israel, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Norway. It addresses the overall ownership priorities formulated by governments, the specific obligations that may be communicated to individual SOEs, the political decision processes leading to these priorities and the disclosure and accountability arrangements underpinning them.
Investor confidence in financial markets largely depends on an accurate disclosure regime that provides transparency in the beneficial ownership and control structures of publicly listed companies. This paper provides a comparative analysis of how disclosure of beneficial ownership and control is handled by jurisdictions in Europe, Asia and the United States; it highlights the costs, benefits and practicality of various approaches.
English, PDF, 1,078kb
Governments are facing an increasing number of arbitration claims by foreign investors relating to important public policies or seeking substantial damages, and many governments are taking a greater joint interest in how such cases are resolved in investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS). This scoping paper has supported inter-governmental dialogue about ISDS at several OECD-hosted investment Roundtable meetings.
English, PDF, 1,532kb
This survey of a sample of 1,660 bilateral investment treaties (BITs) identifies the main parameters of ISDS regulation in BITs; traces their emergence, frequency and dissemination over time; and highlights past and recent country-specific treaty practice.