This programme raises awareness of international principles and best practice in combating corruption in selected countries in the Middle East and North Africa region. It encourages governments and companies to develop and implement integrity measures and tools with a view to levelling the playing field for businesses operating in the region.
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This paper examines China’s investment policy since the publication of the 2008 OECD Investment Policy Review of China and recommends that the Chinese government continue its efforts to liberalise and increase the transparency and predictability of the framework for both inward and outward FDI. OECD Working Papers on International Investment - No. 2013/1.
This paper charts the key changes in equity markets over the last decade or so which may affect the conditions for corporate governance. It also provides a brief overview of related policy discussions and selected national initiatives that have been taken as a response to equity market developments.
The management of operational risk is at the heart of efficient government, but countries often fail to apply good or even routine operational risk management practices and have difficulty in understanding how to put the processes in place. This paper sets out a widely-applicable and relevant policy approach and management framework and illustrates its practical application in Turkey.
With growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper discusses the extent of state ownership in the global economy, the advantages and disadvantages that SOEs can face, and how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.
This paper examines the rationales for public ownership of enterprises in five OECD countries: Hungary, Israel, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Norway. It addresses the overall ownership priorities formulated by governments, the specific obligations that may be communicated to individual SOEs, the political decision processes leading to these priorities and the disclosure and accountability arrangements underpinning them.
Investor confidence in financial markets largely depends on an accurate disclosure regime that provides transparency in the beneficial ownership and control structures of publicly listed companies. This paper provides a comparative analysis of how disclosure of beneficial ownership and control is handled by jurisdictions in Europe, Asia and the United States; it highlights the costs, benefits and practicality of various approaches.