Working Papers


  • 10-February-2016

    English

    The legal framework applicable to joint interpretive agreements of investment treaties

    Most investment treaties do not expressly address joint interpretations and thus leave the issue to more general rules. This paper addresses the general legal framework applicable to joint agreements by treaty parties about the interpretation of treaties. It outlines key concepts and distinctions, and considers effects on third parties.

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  • 10-December-2015

    English

    Currency-based measures targeting banks - Balancing national regulation of risk and financial openness

    This paper reviews currency-based measures (CBMs) directed at banks in 49 countries between 2005 and 2013. These measures apply a discrimination, such as less favourable treatment, on the basis of the currency of an operation, typically foreign currencies. The new data shows that CBMs have been increasingly used in the post-crisis period, including for macro-prudential purposes.

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  • 25-September-2015

    English

    Financial Education for Long-term Savings and Investments: Review of Research and Literature

    Long-term savings and investments (LTSI) by individuals enhances their financial security while also supporting growth and financial development. Evidence shows that financial knowledge and skills are positively related to LTSI behaviour, and indicates a strong correlation between levels of financial literacy and retirement wealth accumulation.

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  • 7-August-2015

    English

    How is corporate governance in Japan changing? Developments in listed companies and roles of institutional investors

    OECD Corporate Governance Working Paper No.17. This report examines the influence of institutional shareholders and their activities towards good corporate governance, the historical changes to practices within shareholder meetings and the role that institutional shareholders have played in the improvement of corporate governance within Japanese listed companies.

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  • 30-March-2015

    English

    Financial education for migrants and their families

    Money remitted by international migrants is a major source of income for many countries. Yet individual migrants and their families are often amongst the most vulnerable people in society, and many face significant barriers to the access and use of appropriate financial products. This paper looks at key challenges and how governments can take measures to support migrant workers and their families and improve their financial literacy.

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  • 16-January-2015

    English, PDF, 912kb

    Investment Treaties over Time - Treaty Practice and Interpretation in a Changing World, International Investment Working Paper 2015/2

    Investment treaty law reflects a permanent tension between stability and flexibility. Stability nurtures predictability, while flexibility helps legal systems stay in alignment with changing circumstances and evolving needs. This paper establishes an inventory of the mechanisms in investment treaty law that provide flexibility and surveys relevant treaty practice.

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  • 14-January-2015

    English, PDF, 994kb

    The Policy Landscape for International Investment by Government-controlled Investors: A Fact Finding Survey, International Investment Working Paper 2015/1

    Government-controlled investors, including state-owned enterprises and sovereign wealth funds, have greatly expanded their international activities in recent years. This paper describes the existing policy landscape of international investments by government-controlled investors under both national and international frameworks.

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  • 10-October-2014

    English, PDF, 903kb

    Investment Treaties and Shareholder Claims: Analysis of Treaty Practice, International Investment Working Paper 2014/3

    This paper analyses investment treaty provisions relating to shareholder claims. It addresses (i) treaty regimes for shareholder recovery and company recovery of damages; (ii) the interaction of reflective loss claims with treaty provisions that seek to limit multiple claims; and (iii) treaty provisions applicable to government objections to shareholder claims for reflective loss.

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  • 30-September-2014

    English

    Corporate Governance Enforcement in the Middle East and North Africa: Evidence and Priorities

    This paper examines key developments in public and private corporate governance enforcement in the Middle East and North Africa region, highlighting the growing level of public enforcement as expertise within the securities regulators grows and providing policy recommendations on specific aspects of governance frameworks.

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  • 23-July-2014

    English

    State-Invested Enterprises in the Global Marketplace: Implications for a Level Playing Field

    State-owned and other state-invested enterprises (SIEs) have become more prominent in the global economy over the last decade. This paper compares the difference between SIEs and non-SIEs in five sectors: air transportation, electricity, mining, oil & gas and telecommunication.

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