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What are the benefits and drawbacks of structural versus behavioural remedies for mergers? To which type of merger should each category apply? Designing effective remedies to counterbalance the anti-competitive effects of certain mergers is a challenging task for Competition Authorities, particularly for mergers with cross-border impact.
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Which role do courts play in the private enforcement of competition law? How do legal systems and standards of review in competition cases vary across national jurisdictions? What are the recent developments at national level to ensure transparency and fairness of the action of Competition Authorities?
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How can Competition Authorities use economic evidence to effectively assess the potential anti-competitive effects of any given merger? How systematic should such an analysis be, and how reliable are its results? Are there lessons to be drawn from the various Best Practice Guidelines developed by a number of national jurisdictions?
This guidance addresses the unique due diligence challenges posed by gold, such as its intrinsic high-value and fungible nature, the non-linear structure of its supply chain, and its multiple downstream uses.
On 17 July 2012, the OECD Council adopted a Recommendation on Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement, which together with the Guidelines, will help sensitise governments to assess their public procurement laws and practices at all levels in order to promote more effective procurement and reduce the risk of bid rigging in public tenders.
Competition is about increasing choice and efficiency to benefit consumers and make the economy more productive. This applies also to utilities which in many countries have been liberalised (such as electricity, water, railways and telecoms), are subject to regulation (banking and other financial services) or where the government plays an important role (healthcare, education and local public services).
The National Contact Points for the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (the Guidelines) are set up by governments adhering to the Guidelines. One of their main roles is to assist in the resolution of issues arising from alleged non-observance of the Guidelines. This manual explains this role.