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This Review was prepared as part of the process of Israel’s accession to OECD membership. It highlights some of the key challenges facing Israel in its implementation and enforcement of competition policy. Israel became an OECD member on 7 September 2010.
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This report covers investment measures taken between 1 November 2011 and 29 February 2012. Information presented in this report has also been used for two joint reports by WTO, OECD and UNCTAD, released on 24 May and 25 October 2011, respectively, in response to the G20 Leaders' request of 2 April 2009 for quarterly public reporting on their adherence to their trade and investment policy commitments.
Zambia is one of the dynamic growth poles of Southern Africa and this Review highlights its progress in implementing its policy framework for investment and identifies some remaining challenges faced by the government.
This study focuses on the identification and quantification of the proceeds of active bribery in international business transactions. Public and private organisations alike have long recognised that bribery of public officials is harmful to good governance, economic development and competitive conditions. Confiscation and recovery of the proceeds derived from foreign bribery are key elements in the international framework to fight corruption of public officials.
Chapter 1 introduces the international legal framework for the treatment of the proceeds of active bribery and catalogues the legal remedies available in various jurisdictions, and how these remedies may interact. Chapter 2 defines five principal types of proceeds of active bribery and analyzes how they may be quantified. Each system is illustrated by examples from countries using such methods, as well as commentary on some practical challenges linked to the calculation of proceeds. Chapter 3 offers a compilation of case summaries to illustrate the principles covered in the preceding chapters.
Bribery of public officials is harmful to good governance, economic development and competitive conditions. Confiscation and recovery of the proceeds derived from foreign bribery are key elements in the international framework to fight corruption of public officials.
This publication reviews provisions covering related party transactions and the protection of minority shareholder rights in 31 countries. It includes in-depth reviews of Belgium, France, Italy, Israel and India.