The recent surge in competition between state and private firms in global markets calls for a reflection on how to minimise any potentially distortionary effects on international trade and investment created by state enterprises while at the same time restraining any undue protectionist policy responses directed at them.
The Capital Movements Code provides a balanced framework for capital account openness. It is the only multilateral legal instrument with comprehensive coverage of capital movements. This includes inflows and outflows, long-term and short-term operations.
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The G20/OECD Principles of Corporate Governance provide recommendations on shareholder rights, executive remuneration, financial disclosure, the behaviour of institutional investors and how stock markets should function. Sound corporate governance is seen as an essential element for promoting capital-market based financing and unlocking investment, which are keys to boosting long-term economic growth.