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  • 7-March-2018

    English

    OECD Reviews of Pension Systems: Latvia

    This report assesses the performance of all components of Latvia's pension system. Latvia was the first country to fully implement a non-financial (notional) defined contribution (NDC) scheme in 1996. A funded mandatory earnings-related scheme complemented NDC since 2001. Voluntary private pensions cover only limited number of people. Over the last 20 years, the severe economic crisis, population ageing and strong emigration have revealed both strengths and weaknesses of the Latvian pension system. The review assesses also the minimum and basic pension schemes which provide the first-layer of protection against the old age poverty especially for those with short or patchy careers. Separate analysis focuses on the disability and early retirement schemes, including the schemes for workers in arduous and hazardous occupations. The detailed analysis leads to tailored recommendations on how to improve the performance of each element as well as the pension system as a whole.
  • 22-February-2018

    English, PDF, 4,455kb

    Sovereign borrowing outlook for OECD countries, 2008 to 2018

    The 2018 Sovereign Borrowing Outlook finds that sovereign debt figures remain at historically high levels while elevated debt service ratios pose a significant challenge against the backdrop of continued fiscal expansion in most OECD countries.

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  • 21-February-2018

    English, PDF, 517kb

    The cyber insurance market: Responding to a risk with few boundaries

    With the growth of cybercrime, and intensive media coverage of privacy breaches and ransomware attacks over the last year, could complacency about cyber risks soon be a thing of the past? Bill Below and Leigh Wolfrom of the OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs look at some of the challenges to insuring cyber risk.

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  • 20-February-2018

    English

    OECD-GVH Regional Centre for Competition in Budapest

    OECD-GVH Regional Centre for Competition in Budapest website

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