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The globalisation of business means cartel activity is increasingly international in scope. Investigating international cartels poses many challenges to competition authorities in both developing and developed economies, highlighting the importance of increased co-operation on both procedural and substantive issues.
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Competition authorities and courts are often called upon to quantify the harm to competition or the damages suffered by private parties due to anti-competitive conduct. Am OECD discussion revealed that competition agencies mainly agree on the quantitative methods used to measure harm while there is some disagreement about whether quantification is useful for competition agencies. This document compiles the documents of this discussion.
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This report concludes that actual application of bail-ins, involving bondholders in loss sharing, could effectively reign in perceptions of implicit guarantees for bank debt. However, bail-ins are rare owing to concerns about contagion risks and depositor and investor protection, so implicit guarantees persist.
This Investment Policy Review examines Tunisia's achievements in developing an open and transparent investment regime and its efforts to reduce restrictions on international investment.
English, PDF, 10,347kb
Since 2008 prices of primary commodities have increased significantly. This has led to calls for competition authorities to be more vigilant regarding anti-competitive practices and to deal with pressure from politicians and the media especially when basic foodstuffs are involved. This document includes the proceedings of a discussion on Commodity Price Volatility held during the OECD Global Forum on Competition in 2012.
This methodological framework is intended to help governments develop more effective disaster risk management strategies, particularly financial strategies, building on strengthened risk assessment and risk financing.