This report describes the development of the green bond market as an innovative instrument for green finance, and provides a review of policy actions and options to promote further market development and growth. Since 2007-08, so-called “green bonds” have emerged and the market has risen from USD 3 billion in 2011 to USD 95 billion in issuance in 2016. For policy makers, the report proposes a framework for understanding potential directions of bond market evolution, increased convergence of rules and definitions, and quantitative analysis of the potential contribution that bond markets can make to a low-carbon transition.
Globalisation, the increasing significance of emerging economies, the borderless nature of the growing digital economy, and the proliferation of competition regimes have caused a significant increase in the complexity of cross-border competition law enforcement co-operation. The OECD and its Competition Committee take a leading role in shaping the framework for international co-operation among competition enforcement agencies.
French, PDF, 1,395kb
Ce rapport analyse les expériences des pays de l'OCDE dans la mise en œuvre de la recommandation sur la séparation structurelle dans les secteurs réglementés et conclut que cela reste un remède pertinent pour faire avancer le processus de libéralisation du marché et que les domaines d'application peuvent inclure des industries verticalement intégrées où seules certaines activités sont soumises à des contraintes concurrentielles.
English, PDF, 1,341kb
This 2016 report analyses experiences of OECD countries in implementing the OECD recommendation on structural separation in regulated industries and concludes that structural separation remains a relevant remedy to advance the process of market liberalisation and that the areas of application can include vertically integrated industries where only some activities are subject to competitive constraints.
The OECD Secretary-General’s High Level Advisory Group on Anti-Corruption and Integrity (HLAG) is composed of experts on anti-corruption and integrity from a wide variety of professional backgrounds and regions. The members have provide their advice to the Secretary-General independently, without any vested interests in the outcome.
English, PDF, 888kb
10/04/2017 - This document reproduces a report prepared by the High-Level Advisory Group which delivers recommendations on ways the OECD can strengthen its work on combating bribery and promoting integrity. The Secretary-General formally received this report and its recommendations during the 2017 OECD Global Anti-Corruption and Integrity Forum.
International co-operation in competition law enforcement is at the core of the OECD competition-related work. This inventory covers over 140 co-operation MoUs between competition agencies where at least one of the signatories is a competition authority of an OECD Member, Associate or Participant to the OECD Competition Committee, or the European Union.