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Over the past decades, most countries, especially advanced economies, have eliminated barriers to capital inflows. This has created vast opportunities for home and host economies as well as for businesses. With these opportunities came occasional risks, not least potential risks for the host country’s national security or public order.
Long-term capital is in short supply and has become increasingly so since the 2008 financial crisis. This has profound implications for growth and financial stability. The OECD Long-term Investment Project is exploring these issues in depth.