On 11 July 2007, Egypt became the first Arab and first African country to sign the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. This marks a new stage in Egypt's drive to attract more foreign direct investment (FDI). A series of policy reforms have helped to underpin a fifteen-fold increase in Egypt’s FDI between 2001 and 2006. FDI reached a record USD 9 billion in the first three quarters of its 2007
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This article reproduces an interim report approved by the OECD Investment Committee at the fourth OECD Roundtable on Freedom of Investment, National Security and “Strategic” Industries on 30 March 2007. It also provides a brief overview of discriminatory practices by national authorities motivated by national security and other essential interests.
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OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurrìa outlines his views on current challenges facing the international investment policy community in the introductory chapter of the 2007 edition of International Investment Perspectives.
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This article provides revised measures of the OECD's FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index for 29 OECD countries, and extends the approach to the ten non-member countries adhering to the OECD Declaration (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Estonia, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Slovenia) and four other major non-OECD countries (China, India, Russia and South Africa). The FDI restrictiveness index covers 9 sectors and 11
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Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are growing rapidly and are changing the industrial landscape in OECD countries. This paper discusses mergers in general and then looks at whether the benefits typically associated with FDI apply equally well to both greenfield investment and takeovers. Empirical studies which look at the effect of takeovers on employment, wages, productivity and innovation in the acquired firm are