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The EU institutional reaction to the Euro-area sovereign debt problems has focused in particular on the new architecture designed to avert a financial crisis. This architecture is made up of (i) the European Financial Stabilization Mechanism (EFSM), an EU financial assistance feature available to all 27 member states, (ii) the European Financial Stabilization Facility (EFSF), a temporary credit-enhanced SPV with minimal capitalization
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The financial market outlook and risks as well as the impact of regulatory reforms on the financial sector were the topics discussed at the October 2011 OECD Financial Roundtable. Concerns about the current situation in financial markets were centred on the sovereign debt and banking crisis in Europe and its repercussions in other parts of the world. Many participants felt that policy makers had not been doing enough to address the
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The government guarantees on bank bonds adopted in 2008 in many advanced economies to support the banking systems were broadly effective in resuming bank funding and preventing a credit crunch. The guarantees, however, also caused distortions in the cost of bank borrowing. Their reintroduction might help alleviate the current pressures on banks caused by the sovereign debt crisis, but the pricing mechanism should ensure a level
These articles were prepared for a symposium on bank failure resolution and crisis management which focused, in particular, on the use of guarantees and the spill-overs between the credit qualities of sovereigns and banking systems.
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More needs to be done to ensure accountability, independence, transparency and integrity of the various actors of the financial system safety net. This article discusses the roles and responsibilities of the various agencies that are part of the financial system safety net, and it sets out a framework for the decision-making process for these actors in the management of a financial crisis.
This report reviews three key areas of corporate action accounting for greenhouse gas emissions, achieving emissions reductions and engaging suppliers, consumers and others.
This symposium proceedings examines three aspects of financial education: monitoring and evaluation, use of behavioral economics, and financial literacy and defined contribution pension plans.
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Prepared by the OECD for the G20, this study describes the main features of whistleblower protection frameworks currently in place in G20 countries and provides guiding principles and best practices to support the implementation of the G20 commitment to strengthen the protection of whistleblowers.