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  • 24-November-2011

    English

    Identification and Quantification of the Proceeds of Bribery

    This study focuses on the identification and quantification of the proceeds of active bribery in international business transactions. Public and private organisations alike have long recognised that bribery of public officials is harmful to good governance, economic development and competitive conditions. Confiscation and recovery of the proceeds derived from foreign bribery are key elements in the international framework to fight corruption of public officials.Chapter 1 introduces the international legal framework for the treatment of the proceeds of active bribery and catalogues the legal remedies available in various jurisdictions, and how these remedies may interact.Chapter 2 defines five principal types of proceeds of active bribery and analyzes how they may be quantified. Each system is illustrated by examples from countries using such methods, as well as commentary on some practical challenges linked to the calculation of proceeds.Chapter 3 offers a compilation of case summaries to illustrate the principles covered in the preceding chapters.
  • 23-November-2011

    Spanish, , 7,594kb

    Tipologías sobre el papel de los intermediarios en las transacciones comerciales internacionales

    Intermediaries fulfil a key role in international business transactions. While many of them perform lawful tasks, many also engage in bribery of foreign public officials. This study, initiated in 2007, focuses on the use of intermediaries in cases of bribery of foreign public officials. It provides a definition of intermediaries and reasons for their use before examining several modus operandi, legal and practical issues, and

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  • 23-November-2011

    English, , 337kb

    2011 Annual Meeting of the National Contact Points: Report by the Chair

    This document reproduces the Report by the Chair of the Annual Meeting of the National Contact Points (NCP) which was held in June 2011. This report reviews NCP activities as well as other implementation activities undertaken by adhering governments over the June 2010 - June 2011 period.

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