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The Asian crisis prompted calls from several quarters for tighter controls on foreign investment and capital flows in emerging markets. However, there are several compelling arguments in favour of freeing up capital flows in these markets, provided it is done in an orderly and properly structured way.
More than a decade after Chile moved from a public pay-as-you-go to a private funded pension system, seven more countries in Latin America have reformed their pension systems. This study provides a detailed description of all second-generation pension reforms in Latin America to date, evaluates the first years of operations of the new systems and outlines the problems and challenges which the systems are still facing. The basic common
May 1998. This paper was presented at an IMF Seminar on Current Legal Issues Affecting Central Banks.
English, , 191kb
21 March 1998. At the time of the MAI negotiations, the United Kingdom commissioned an independent consultant, Dr. E.V.K. FitzGerald, to prepare a report on the possible implications of the MAI for developing countries.
English, , 5,446kb
Chile is a significant host for foreign direct investment (FDI) in South America, especially given the relatively small size of its economy. The attraction of Chile to foreign investors lies not only in its resource abundance but also in its tradition of openness to foreign investment. Chilean policies towards inward investment generally conform to OECD standards, and the country has been a trailblazer within Latin America in terms of