English, PDF, 1,593kb
Banks have been lowering their high pre-crisis leverage levels and are preparing for stricter regulatory capital requirements, and in the process have been reducing their lending. With the banking sector expected to shrink considerably, other actors, especially institutional investors, and new forms of financial intermediation will have to meet the credit needs of the economy.
This publication catalogues national practices that illustrate implementation of aspects or elements of competitive neutrality and highlights examples of challenges that may be encountered.
English, PDF, 2,532kb
Are criminal penalties an effective deterrent to cartels in all jurisdictions? What are the innovative methods used by competition authorities to promote compliance ? This publication compiles documents from a roundtable discussion held in 2011 on the topic.
English, PDF, 6,491kb
Ex post evaluations are an important instrument for assessing previous merger review decisions as well as for improving the quality of future decisions. This publication compiles documents from a roundtable discussion held in 2011 on the topic.