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G20 Leaders have committed to forego protectionism and have requested public reports on their adherence to this commitment. This third joint report by OECD, UNCTAD and WTO on G20 trade and investment measures covers the period from 1 November 2009 until mid-May 2010.
The 2009 edition of the annual report focuses on consumer empowerment and responsible business conduct as well as providing an account of the actions adhering governments have taken over the 12 months to June 2009.
OECD countries have made significant reform progress in recent decades, in fields as diverse as competition policy, health care and the environment. How have they done it? And why have reforms advanced in some places and stalled in others? This collection of essays analyses the reform experiences of the 30 OECD countries in nine major policy domains in order to identify lessons, pitfalls and strategies that may help foster policy reform in the future. While taking full account of the tremendous differences in the political and institutional settings in which these reforms were undertaken, the authors highlight a number of common challenges and potential solutions that hold good across both countries and issue areas. They show that the scope for cross-national policy learning is enormous.
The importance of such reform lessons is all the greater in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis. As OECD governments confront the challenge of trying to restore public finances to health without undermining the recovery, they will need to pursue a careful mix of fiscal policies and growth-enhancing structural reforms. Designing, adopting and implementing such a policy mix will require the crafting of effective reforms and effective strategies for implementing them.
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In previous studies, the OECD has identified the main hallmarks of the crisis as too-big-to-fail institutions that took on too much risk, insolvency resulting from contagion and counterparty risk, the lack of regulatory and supervisory integration, and the lack of efficient resolution regimes. This article looks at how the Basel III proposals address these issues, helping to reduce the chance of another crisis like the current one.
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This report presents the results of a fact finding survey on how governments seek to establish the identity of foreign investors, with a particular focus on transsectoral, security-related investment reviews. It was prepared for the OECD Freedom of Investment Roundtable to facilitate discussion of the issues by Roundtable participants.
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Cross-border investment in agricultural production and farmland is not a new phenomenon, but it is growing in importance. This report reviews international initiatives for promoting responsible investment in agriculture and explores what contribution, if any, OECD investment instruments could make to these initiatives. This paper was commissioned for the OECD Freedom of Investment Roundtable to facilitate discussion of the issues by
This report reviews Brazil's competition policy system and highlights what more could be done to implement the structural changes envisaged in the proposed revisions to Brazil’s competition law.