English, PDF, 2,070kb
What are the benefits and drawbacks of structural versus behavioural remedies for mergers? To which type of merger should each category apply? Designing effective remedies to counterbalance the anti-competitive effects of certain mergers is a challenging task for Competition Authorities, particularly for mergers with cross-border impact.
English, PDF, 3,709kb
Which role do courts play in the private enforcement of competition law? How do legal systems and standards of review in competition cases vary across national jurisdictions? What are the recent developments at national level to ensure transparency and fairness of the action of Competition Authorities?
English, PDF, 2,219kb
How can Competition Authorities use economic evidence to effectively assess the potential anti-competitive effects of any given merger? How systematic should such an analysis be, and how reliable are its results? Are there lessons to be drawn from the various Best Practice Guidelines developed by a number of national jurisdictions?
This guidance addresses the unique due diligence challenges posed by gold, such as its intrinsic high-value and fungible nature, the non-linear structure of its supply chain, and its multiple downstream uses.