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The incidence of perceived implicit guarantees, mostly from governments, for the debt of European banks has decreased recently after several years of increase dating from the beginning of the financial crisis. This reflects to a large extent the deterioration in the strength of the sovereigns that are seen as providing the guarantees..
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This special issue of Financial Market Trends compiles selected articles based on presentations given at the Symposium on “Financial crisis management and the use of government guarantees” in October 2011, which were first released between October and December 2011. The Symposium, part of the OECD’s work on financial sector guarantees, gathered policy makers, policy consultants and other academics to discuss the policy response to the
This book examines pension reform during the crisis and beyond, the design of automatic adjustment mechanisms, reversals of systemic pension reforms in Central and Eastern Europe, coverage of private pension systems and guarantees in defined contribution pension systems.
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This roadmap identifies elements of good design and public policy to assist countries to strengthen retirement income adequacy in an environment where pension benefits result from assets accumulated during working life. This roadmap was approved and endorsed by the OECD Working Party on Private Pensions in June 2012.
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Despite massive support from governments and widespread regulatory changes since the crisis struck, banks are deleveraging in the worst possible way impeding economic recovery. Capital levels are too low (particularly in Europe), business models are too risky, and the approach to regulation is biased against lending to the private sector. A lack of trust makes private sector equity investment and funding problematic, and losses and
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This paper provides an overview of current government schemes promoting corporate reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and analyses their main building blocks. It describes the drivers and challenges for governments, companies and investors in dealing with GHG reporting
The economic crisis that started in 2007 gave rise to a crisis of legitimacy and a widespread collapse of trust in markets, in firms, and in the governance of our economies. We need to build up that trust again and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention are essential tools for fighting bribery and promoting responsible corporate behaviour.
Chinas Punktekarte zur Gewinnung von Auslandsinvestitionen koennte sich wie folgt lesen: viel unternommen, gut gemacht aber aber weitere Verbesserungen moeglich.
G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.
This project aims to better understand how aid can leverage private investment in Africa’s infrastructure. Given the importance of investment in this sector, it analyses how aid can help African governments improve the enabling environment and mitigating the risks to investors.