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Given their ageing populations, OECD countries are beginning to re-examine the balance between public and private provisions for income in retirement. There is considerable interest in increasing the contribution from private sources. However, wh...
This paper was prepared by the OECD in order to provide an in-depth description of the new worldwide rules which will govern trade in services as of 1 January 1995.
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Italy, which has progressively removed the obstacles to free movement of capital in the 1980s, has experienced substantial inflows of foreign direct investment. At the same time, Italian enterprises considerably reinforced their foreign presence. Under the combined effect of in- and outflow of direct investment, Italy strengthened economic ties with OECD countries, most particularly with partners in the European Union. This
This Introduction to the OECD Codes of Liberalisation was approved by the OECD Council in 1994 and published in 1995 as an OECD publication (out of print). The purpose of this Introduction is to contribute to a better understanding of the principles and procedures of the OECD Codes. It also provides detailed explanations of the coverage of the Codes and may therefore serve as a manual for Code users.
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Over the past few years, Greece has been positioning itself to become a more attractive prospect for foreign investors. These efforts to improve the foreign direct investment climate further are important, particularly if the trend towards rationalising the public sector is to be effectively pursued. This publication examines Greece's policies on foreign direct investment and the role played by foreign investment in the Greek economy.
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With one of the OECD's smallest and most open economies, Ireland welcomes foreign direct investment (FDI) and offers grants and tax incentives to attract investors. Direct investment plays a unique role in the Irish economy, accounting for a larger part of its manufacturing output, employment and exports than in most other OECD countries. Still, the cost of attracting foreign investment has come under greater scrutiny and questions
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This Recommendation (C(94)75/Final) was adopted by the Council of the OECD on 27 May 1994.
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Foreign direct investment (FDI) in Portugal has soared since the mid-1980s. Today, foreign enterprises constitute an important source of employment and exports in Portugal. The Portuguese government has taken a number of important steps to open its economy to foreign direct investment by removing a wide range of sectoral restrictions, replacing a cumbersome prior authorisation system with a streamlined prior notification system, and
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