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Gasoline retailing has changed dramatically over the last 25 years. While refiners often still have extensive networks of gasoline retailers, there is also a large independent sector in many countries. A study of the effects of entry by large general retailers finds benefits to consumers. There has been a vigorous debate about whether vertical separation between gasoline stations and upstream entities should be required. It appears
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The main purpose of this paper is to discuss the impact of the changing ownership of stock exchanges on the corporate governance of listed companies.
The 2009 Roundtable on Corporate Responsiblity focused on the responsibilities of multinational companies toward consumers and how consumers can encourage multinational enterprises to live up to the recommendations of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.
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Government debt issuance procedures and policies differ across OECD jurisdictions, in particular in terms of technical standards for selling techniques, primary dealer systems and other primary market arrangements. However, the increased integration of global financial markets (including the jump in the integration of European government debt markets since the introduction of the Euro) has been an important catalyst in the
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Many OECD governments are facing unprecedented challenges in the markets for bonds and bills, as a result of the explosive growth in their borrowing needs. Amidst an unusually uncertain economic outlook, the gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are expected to reach almost USD 12 trillion in 2009. The key policy issue is how to raise smoothly new funds at low cost, while also managing a rapidly growing debt stock. For the time
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This article looks at the stages of crisis management and some of the different degrees of transparency on losses and risks in the US and Europe. It also compares alternative approaches to dealing with impaired assets used in the USA and Europe. Exposure to off-balance losses remains a key issue. Europe, surprisingly, has been and remains the major issuer of collateralised synthetic obligations that have been so prominent in the
With the the global economic crisis, governments are now focused on restoring national economic and employment growth and financial stability which also poses risks for freedom of investment. If they all recognise that open markets will ultimately contribute to a sustainable recovery, they might be tempted to adopt “beggar thy neighbour” policies, including investment protectionism and unfair incentives to attract or retain
The current economic crisis has exposed the deficiencies of economic global governance and the risk of having a highly integrated global economy with fragmented global economic decision-making and regulation. To improve our impact, we do need stronger, more inclusive and better coordinated international organisations, warned the OECD Secretary-General.
With the global economic crisis, governments are now focused on restoring national economic and employment growth and financial stability which also poses risks for freedom of investment.
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El presente documento estudia el papel de la interconexion en la competitividad en el sector mexicano de telecomunicaciones.