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Weak governance zones are defined as countries where governments are unable or unwilling to assume their responsibilities. Multinational enterprises recognise that they represent some of the most difficult investment environments. This Risk Awareness Tool helps them to identify some of the special risks that arise in these environments, those that are linked to government failures. It covers such topics as obeying the law and
The Spanish government announced on Friday, 29 January, its intention of postponing the retirement age from 65 to 67 and to increase the number of contribution years used to calculate pension benefits. The OECD believes that these measures are important steps in the right direction and would bring Spain closer in line with other OECD countries who have already reformed their pension systems.
El gobierno español anunció el viernes pasado su intención de elevar la edad oficial de jubilación de 65 a 67 años, y de aumentar el numero de años necesario para calcular la pensión. La OCDE considera muy positivas dichas medidas.
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The IOPS Principles for Pension Supervision are designed to cover occupational and personal pension plans and pension funds.
Adrian Blundell-Wignall talks about the impact of US proposals for banking reform and how they can help avoid a new financial crisis.
The MENA-OECD Task Force on Corporate Governance of SOEs will take place in Paris, France on 1 March 2010.
Focus of this particular meeting will be on two governance reform topics that task force members have identified as priorities for the region:
Transparency and Accountability
The selection and quality of SOE boards
This meeting has been jointly organised with the Hawkamah Institute of Corporate Governance with support from the
U.S. President Barack Obama’s plan to separate core commercial banking from some higher-risk activities in financial conglomerates and to place a moratorium on further consolidation could help to avoid a new financial crisis by resolving some major risks inherent to the current financial system.
This publication presents the results of the first OECD investment policy review of Viet Nam. It finds that the progress Viet Nam has achieved in less than two decades in putting into place a legal framework and implementing policies that mobilise private investment, including international direct investment, to support economic growth and the prosperity of Viet Nam’s citizens has been remarkable. Starting from a situation in which
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Buyer power is concerned with how downstream firms can affect the terms of trade with upstream suppliers. There are two types of buyer power: monopsony power and bargaining power. The welfare implications, and therefore the appropriate enforcement policies, of the two types of buyer power are very different. Both result in lower input prices, but the exercise of monopsony power usually results in higher prices downstream.
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Firms operating in two-sided markets have to balance the interlinked demands of two types of customers. This may require a skewed price structure, which raises the issue of whether two-sided markets are socially efficient. In general, the profit maximizing structure is not socially optimal. But it does not exhibit any obvious bias, either. The Delegates discussed the ways in which enforcement issues differ in two-sided markets as