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This report focuses on the role of competition policy in promoting energy security. It does not attempt to establish a precise definition of energy security, but notes that it is mainly about managing vulnerability to supply disruptions and associated price spikes. This report by the OECD Competition Committee Secretariat was presented to participants at the 6th OECD Roundtable on Freedom of Investment held on 13 December 2007.
This Annual Report provides an account of the actions the adhering governments have taken over the 12 months to June 2007 to enhance the contribution of the Guidelines to the improved functioning of the global economy. This publication also contains the results of the 2007 OECD Roundtable on Corporate Responsibility which focused on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the financial sector.
On 11 July 2007, Egypt became the first Arab and first African country to sign the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. This marks a new stage in Egypt's drive to attract more foreign direct investment (FDI). A series of policy reforms have helped to underpin a fifteen-fold increase in Egypt’s FDI between 2001 and 2006. FDI reached a record USD 9 billion in the first three quarters of its 2007
The NEPAD-OECD Roundtable in Lusaka, Zambia, 27-28 November 2007 aimed to develop policy capacity building tools that will help NEPAD countries improve the investment related content of Africa’s peer review process (APRM) and support implementation of investment climate reform policies, with a specific focus on the investment environment conditions conducive to attracting investment for development in the water and sanitation sector.
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Investment Newsletter, No. 5 puts the spotlight on the OECD’s investment instruments with reports on Egypt becoming the 40th country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, how OECD investment instruments are being used to inform policy deliberations relating to the investments of Sovereign Wealth Funds and the application of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises - one
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This article reproduces an interim report approved by the OECD Investment Committee at the fourth OECD Roundtable on Freedom of Investment, National Security and “Strategic” Industries on 30 March 2007. It also provides a brief overview of discriminatory practices by national authorities motivated by national security and other essential interests.
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OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurrìa outlines his views on current challenges facing the international investment policy community in the introductory chapter of the 2007 edition of International Investment Perspectives.
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This article provides revised measures of the OECD's FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index for 29 OECD countries, and extends the approach to the ten non-member countries adhering to the OECD Declaration (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Estonia, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Slovenia) and four other major non-OECD countries (China, India, Russia and South Africa). The FDI restrictiveness index covers 9 sectors and 11
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Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are growing rapidly and are changing the industrial landscape in OECD countries. This paper discusses mergers in general and then looks at whether the benefits typically associated with FDI apply equally well to both greenfield investment and takeovers. Empirical studies which look at the effect of takeovers on employment, wages, productivity and innovation in the acquired firm are
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Under many international agreements, states have negotiated language which provides that even when states have entered into treaty commitments, such commitments do not prevent them from taking measures in order to protect their essential security interests. This article analyses the frequency and scope of these provisions in international investment agreements and instruments to which OECD members are party; the way customary