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This glossary of foreign direct investment terms forms part of the 4th Edition of the OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment and is intended to assist both the compilers and users of direct investment statistics.
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This report by the OECD Investment Committee was prepared in response to the request of the G7 Finance Ministers and other OECD members last fall to develop guidance for recipient countries’ policies toward investments from SWFs. The OECD addressed this request as part of an ongoing project on Freedom of Investment and National Security, which was launched in view of the rise of investment protectionism and to maintain open markets.
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This paper surveys the societal dimension of 296 international investment agreements (IIAs) signed by the 30 member countries and of by the 9 non-member countries that participate formally in OECD investment work.
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The definition of investor and investment is key to the scope of application of rights and obligations of investment agreements and to the establishment of the jurisdiction of investment treaty-based arbitral tribunals. This factual survey of state practice and jurisprudence aims to clarify the requirements to be met by individuals and corporations in order to be entitled to the treatment and protection provided for under investment
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Umbrella clauses have become a regular feature of international investment agreements and have been included to provide additional protection to investors by covering the contractual obligations in investment agreements between host countries and foreign investors. The meaning of the umbrella clauses is one of the most controversial issues with which international arbitral tribunals have been recently confronted with while
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This report analyses the interactions between the investment and services chapters of 20 regional trade agreements. It classifies agreements into two broad categories of NAFTA-inspired and GATS inspired agreements and identifies four major types of interaction between the investment and trade in services chapters. The report then looks at the implications of the services/investment interface for levels of investment protection and
Organised in Paris on 27-28 March 2008, this event focused on best practice in promoting investment for development. The relationship between investment and development was a key theme during the 2007 G-8 Summit, which called upon “UNCTAD and the OECD to jointly engage industrialised countries, emerging economies and developing countries in the development of best practices for creating an institutional environment conducive to
In his remarks, Mr Gurría spoke of the work undertaken by the OECD and UNCTAD with developing countries aiming to define a shared understanding of healthy investment climates. The Secretary-General underlined that investment expands the economy’s productive capacity, drives job creation and economic growth, promotes innovation and trade, and ensures essential infrastructure.
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This progress report was issued following the 7th Roundtable on Freedom of Investment, National Security and ‘Strategic’ Industries which took place in Paris on 26 March 2008. Since early 2006, OECD has provided a forum for intergovernmental dialogue on how governments can reconcile the need to preserve and expand an open international investment environment with their duty to safeguard the essential security interests of their people.
International investment agreements set ground rules for how host governments treat foreign investors. This publication includes the definition of investor and investment; the interpretation of umbrella clauses in investment agreements; coverage of environmental, labour and anti-corruption issues; and the interaction between investment and services chapters in selected regional trade agreements.