This paper reviews alleged societal benefits and costs of International Investment Agreements (IIAs) as suggested by academia, governments, business and civil society. It sets out the wide range of issues that diverse actors have proposed in the context of assessing the societal benefits and costs of IIAs.
The OECD is a forum where treaty negotiators and experts from OECD and non-OECD countries work together to enhance common understanding of core treaty provisions and emerging legal issues and to improve outcomes of international investment treaties for governments and investors. This page provides a comprehensive overview of OECD work in this domain.
The OECD has long been at the forefront in efforts to develop international rules relating to capital movements, international investment and trade in services. Member governments have established "rules of the game" for themselves and for multinational enterprises based in their economies by means of legal instruments to which all members must adhere.
Compensation for adjudicators is generally considered as a core issue for judicial independence and for attracting good judges in the institutional design for courts. This paper examines compensation systems for adjudicators and dispute settlement administrators in investor-state dispute settlement. The paper uses in part a comparative perspective based on approaches in domestic courts in advanced economies.
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The “Freedom of Investment" (FOI) process hosted by the OECD Investment Committee monitors investment policy developments in the 58 economies that participate in the process. This report covers investment measures taken between 16 February 2017 and 15 September 2017.
G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.
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This report publishes the country lists of measures other than “exceptions to national treatment” notified for transparency purposes by adherents to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises.
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Countries adhering to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises have declared that enterprises from adhering countries should be accorded National Treatment in their territory. This report describes the main features of the OECD National Treatment instrument and contains a complete survey of adhering governments' measures relating to National Treatment.
"National Treatment" is the commitment by a country to treat enterprises operating on its territory, but controlled by the nationals of another country, no less favourably than domestic enterprises in like situations. The National Treatment instrument addresses the treatment of foreign-controlled enterprises after establishment.
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Global FDI flows decreased by 3% to USD 788 billion in the first half of 2017 compared to the second half of 2016. The overall decrease was due to an 11% drop in Q2 after increasing 3% in Q1.Inflows to the EU decreased by 46%, partly due to a drop in the United Kingdom from the very high levels recorded in the second half of 2016, while outflows decreased by a more modest 12%.