The 2018 edition of the OECD Sovereign Borrowing Outlook presents gross borrowing
requirements, net borrowing requirements, central government marketable debt and funding
strategies for the OECD area and country groupings. In addition, it examines: interactions
between fiscal policy; public debt management and monetary policy; procedures and
instruments; liquidity in secondary markets; and alternative approaches to sovereign
borrowing such as green bonds and GDP-linked instruments in the context of global
economic and financial developments.