The current financial crisis has had a major impact on global pension assets, with the OECD estimating declines of $5.4tn (over 20%) at the end of 2008. This is putting pressure on funding levels for defined benefit (DB) pension plans, and has served a severe blow to members of defined contribution (DC) plans close to retirement, denting confidence in many DC systems. This paper discusses responses to current financial and economic
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This paper discusses responses to current financial and economic crisis by regulators, supervisors and policy makers in the area of private pensions. These responses are examined in the light of international guidelines, best practices and recommendations to improve the design of private pensions.
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The OECD has been developing a response to the crisis that is holistic, looking atfinancial market issues, and the wide variety of factors that led to damaging incentive structures, as well as the requirements for broader macro and fiscal policies. The crisis has led to a variety of emergency financial measures such as loans, guarantees, and nationalisations. For financial markets, the focus is on exit strategies that are consistent
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The principal purpose of this paper is to analyse the trade-off between the uncertainty in contributions on the one hand and benefits on the other that is embedded in different pension arrangements.
Fiona Stewart discusses the impact of the crisis on pensions funds and what needs to be done.
What impact has the crisis had on pensions?
Who is affected?
What can be done?
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In this paper we review the legal framework of private pension fund regulation and supervision in economies, including Australia, Chile, Hong Kong China, Poland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Private Pensions Outlook 2008 focuses on the implications for pensions and private pensions policy of the financial crisis, in-depth, international analyses of private pension arrangements across OECD and selected non-OECD countries, the role of pension funds and public pension reserve funds which complement the financing of social security systems.
According to the new OECD Private Pensions Outlook workers are rightly worried about the fall in the value of the private pension savings and there is growing pressure on governments to act. The OECD estimates that the loss in private pension assets in the year to December 2008 has increased to US$ 5.4 trillion, up from US$ 5 trillion until October. The average pension fund had a negative rate of return of 23 percent over the year.
Policy makers are now facing the challenge of providing a short-term response to the crisis without losing sight of the longer-term structural reforms needed to put pension and healthcare systems on a solid footing in light of population ageing. According to Mr. Gurría, we need pension funds to be more transparent and better regulated but we also need structural reforms in the public pension policies and health care systems.