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Many OECD governments are facing unprecedented challenges in the markets for bonds and bills, as a result of the explosive growth in their borrowing needs. Amidst an unusually uncertain economic outlook, the gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are expected to reach almost USD 12 trillion in 2009. The key policy issue is how to raise smoothly new funds at low cost, while also managing a rapidly growing debt stock. For the time
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Government debt issuance procedures and policies differ across OECD jurisdictions, in particular in terms of technical standards for selling techniques, primary dealer systems and other primary market arrangements. However, the increased integration of global financial markets (including the jump in the integration of European government debt markets since the introduction of the Euro) has been an important catalyst in the
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This article looks at the stages of crisis management and some of the different degrees of transparency on losses and risks in the US and Europe. It also compares alternative approaches to dealing with impaired assets used in the USA and Europe. Exposure to off-balance losses remains a key issue. Europe, surprisingly, has been and remains the major issuer of collateralised synthetic obligations that have been so prominent in the
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OECD Good Practices on Financial Education and Awareness Relating to Credit, OECD, 2009
Financial markets and services are playing a greater social and economic role in the daily life of the average individual. One of the challenges is to move from raising awareness on financial issues to actually changing consumers’ behaviours, notably by integrating financial literacy into school curricula, according to Mr. Gurría.
If we consider the rapid pace of financial innovation, the growing complexity of financial products, and the increasing amount and size of financial risks and responsibilities transferred to households, consumers need to be better equipped to make good, informed and rational financial decisions, according to Mr Gurría.
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Government provision of a safety net for financial institutions has been a key element of the policy response to the current crisis. In the process, existing guarantees have been expanded and new ones introduced, including, in particular, in relation to bank liabilities. Among other things, such guarantees create costs that arise as a result of potential distortions of incentives and competition. To limit such distortions it is
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In the wake of a dramatic financial crisis and with the first waves of baby boomers approaching retirement we hardly need to think about how best arrive at the pension funds’ payout phase. This paper argues that there is a urgent need to raise retirement saving, to reduce defined contribution plan members’ exposure to investment risks and to provide the financial industry with cheap and safe payout instruments. These challenges are
This conference focused on corporate governance of insurance companies, the role of financial intermediaries in financial education and annuities and pension.
In the midst of the deepest and most synchronised recession in our lifetimes, OECD's Gurría encourages a policy response which addresses the social impact of the crisis and repairs the financial system.